Psyc Final

Psyc Final - FINAL PSYCHOLOGY 101 SPRING, 2011 REVIEW SHEET...

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FINAL – PSYCHOLOGY 101 – SPRING, 2011 – REVIEW SHEET Gang: The final examination will be on chapters 13 and 14, and 15 (pp. 480-482; 485-493) and will be held on Thursday, May 5 th , at 12:00 (in our regular classroom). The review sheet highlights the topics that you should focus on. Any material that I (or Dr. Lowman or Jazmin) covered in class is also fair game. As with the first three exams, the format will be multiple choice. There are a total of 60 items on the exam and you will have a maximum of two hours to complete it. Finally, any video clips shown in class (or demonstrations) are fair game. Jazmin, Adrianne, Chris and I really enjoyed working with you this past semester and we wish you all the best in the future. Good luck on the exam! ERIN, AFTER READING THE BELOW NOTES, THE BEST STUDY SAMPLE APPEARS ON PAGES 424-425 – Chapter 13. Chapter 13 – Psychological Disorders (30 items) 1. Know the different approaches for understanding abnormal behavior (e.g., medical model). Medical Model Approach (403) abnormal behavior (AB) 1. Proposes that it is useful to think of abnormal behavior as a disease. 2. Became dominant way of thinking about abnormal behavior during 18 th -19 th centuries and its influence remains strong today. 3. Basis for abnormal behavior terms: a. Mental illness b. Psychological disorder c. Psychopathology 4. Rise of medical model brought improvements in treatment of abnormal behavior. Before 18 th c After 18 th c Conceptions of AB based on Superstitions Illness Behavior exhibited/viewed Strange: possessed by demons, witches, punished by God Viewed with sympathy, less hatred/fear Treatment Chants, rituals, exorcisms, etc., chained, placed in dungeons, tortured, or killed More humane care; led to scientific investigations of causes and cures of psychological disorders Page 1 of 24
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Other approaches Kiesler, 1999 – medical model may have outlived its usefulness Thomas Szasz (1974, 1990) Szasz’s disease analogy Disease or illness only affects the body not the mind, therefore, no mental illness Minds are sick only in the sense that jokes are sick, economies are sick Abnormal behavior = a deviation from social norms Problems in living rather than medical problems Facts: Only one criterion is needed to be viewed as disordered. 2 or 3 criteria my apply in a case. Diagnoses of psychological disorder involve value judgments about what represents normal or Judgments about mental illness reflect prevailing cultural values, social trends, and political forces, scientific knowledge (Kutchins & Kirk 1997, Mechanic 1999). Example: Change in attitude over homosexuality. Was treated as a disorder, but no longer based on changing views, lobbyists, research on gays and heterosexuals.
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Psyc Final - FINAL PSYCHOLOGY 101 SPRING, 2011 REVIEW SHEET...

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