Final revieiw

Final revieiw - Final Section Material Key Terms Maya...

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Final Section Material Key Terms Maya Hieroglyphics – in Palenque; support what we see in archeological records and social relations; there is one ruler conquering another/their names; thorough allowing archeologists to pin-point dates Colonialism – cultures coming into contact with the New World; specifically Europeans reconstructing indigenous societies; indigenous would negotiate with Europeans/conversation between groups Change in vernacular architecture Colonial power tries to limit structures Ex: Incas Tawantinsuyu – land of four corners/for lands; during the Inka empire Antisuyu, Chinchasuyu, Quntisuyu, Qollasuyu o What they called themselves/empires A lot of expansion done by political maneuvering, throw feasts and trick them into taking over their land Used a road system, had runners for the vast landscape Exploited a lot of different habitats and ecosystems which led to a lot of resources (coca, maize, chili peppers, seafood) Vernacular styles -- something that is self-built and distinct to a period place and group Congregacion – Spanish strategy of colonization of Yucatan, central villages and towns; shift in economic stability Solares – mayan house lots of land that belongs to one household Where mayans typically were situated Ex: Solar in Oxkutzcab, Yucatan, Mexico o Spanish style – more rectangular Ecozone the broadest biogeographic division of the Earth's land surface, based on distributional patterns of terrestrial organisms large areas of the Earth's surface where organisms have been evolving in relative isolation over long periods of time, separated from one another by geographic features (oceans, deserts, mountain ranges) Under Incas unification of various diverse ecozones facilitating exchange of goods which allowed for opulence of places like macho picchu Verticality Ayllu – kinship group that linked various ecozones; by Incas In Cusco Social hierarchies Lintel – stone slab that goes above Incan doorways and windows
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Final Section Material Henequen – something grown/harvested; fiber; a lot is grown in hacienda tabi Hacienda system – labor system; worked on plantation in the Yucatan Sugar, cattle, tobacco, henequen haciendas Hacienda Tabi o Sugar hacienda used after Mexican independence from Spain Rancho Kiuic self - built dwelling – dwellings made of random materials to live in that is not reflective of the dwellings culture Apsidal dwelling – more oval shaped dwellings in Yucatan Ball-in-the-basin model – theory on environmental change; resilience; ball switching basins that have different qualities; look up Resilience – the ability of a system to absorb disturbance and still retain its basic function Change not linear or incremental, rather thresholds are reached World is configured and refigured by extreme events
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Final revieiw - Final Section Material Key Terms Maya...

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