9.16.11 - heating o Rock selter with ston wall architecture...

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September 16, 2011 Living in Built and Natural Caves Wednesday – symbolic, metaphorical meaning to humans; not accessed by everyone but possibly ritual specialists Why do people live in caves? Equable thermal properties (warm in winter, cool in summer) Ease of construction/expansion in certain geological contexts (i.e. volcanic tuff or glacial loess Durability Space underground or within mountains not at a premium (not a lot of competition)— saves surface land for farming and grazing animals Easily defendable space South-facing Shanidar Cave, Iraq Residence of Kurdish pastoralists during Ralph Soleki’s excavations Tarahumara of Northern Mexico living on the western side of the Sierra Madre Mountains o Rock shelters south facing (warmer in the winter than homes with no central
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Unformatted text preview: heating) o Rock selter with ston wall architecture and hanging laundry – great place to live • Dwellings Carved and chiseled from bedrock about 50 million people live in caves year round (Andalucia, Spain) • Dwellings of “gypsies, immigrants and romantics” Granada Spain • Loire Valle, France: modification of cave with doors and windows in the front • Towns built of tufa rock – Cappadocia and Anatolia, Turkey • Built cave dwellings, Shaanxi, China o Voussoir (wedge-shaped stones)—construction of arches—used to construct an arch that is covered with glacial loess and grassed over so animals can graze on the surface Warmer in winter, cool in summer because sub-terrain • Next time: habitat changes at end of the peostocene...
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This note was uploaded on 04/01/2012 for the course ANTH 123 taught by Professor Johnson during the Fall '08 term at UNC.

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