9.28.11

9.28.11 - o Living inside of large circular compounds o...

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September 28, 2011 Squaring the Arc of Circular Dwellings Why did it not make it in 21 st century? o Furniture may not fit o Metal not keeping warm o Inability to stack or pack horizontally inefficient use of space Neolithic “package” and dwelling forms in temperate Europe Old and new long house dwelling forms Dartmoor Animals shaped way humans changed housing o People use to live with their domesticated animals in Europe Nucleated rectangular dwellngs with barrel-shaped roof vaults Rooms for: living, storage (olives and grain), animals (donkeys, etc) o Berber village, Takrouna, Tunisia o Round top to give more air space Bories or Cabanes of SW France o Mixed use tructures with corbelled dome roofs Maya region – cantilever stone making arch until meet at top o Common way of creating domed roof Yanomamo shabono, Amazon Brazil
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Unformatted text preview: o Living inside of large circular compounds o Horticulturalist – not as intense as farmers or agriculturalist o Also hunters and foragers o Food-sharing ethic o Frequent residential moves • Us South West and Northern Mexico = o Ancestral home to Pit-house dwellers oval/ circular to Pueblo-dwellers (AD 800) Depression with central hearth o Mesa Verde, CO Pit-house excavation and pueblos showing transition o Kivas – religious places • Why the trend towards rectilinear architecture: o Easier to partition interior space o Facilitates grain storage within dwelling o In temperate latitudes, keeps domesticated animals and humans warm o Easier to defect dwelling and its contents o Overall accords with long-term investment in place and nucleation of human settlement...
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