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Unformatted text preview: 1693: Locke John Locke argued against animal cruelty, but only because of its effect on human beings. Against Descartes, the British philosopher John Locke (1632–1704) argued, in Some Thoughts Concerning Education in 1693, that animals do have feelings, and that unnecessary cruelty toward them is morally wrong, but—echoing Thomas Aquinas —the right not to be so harmed adhered either to the animal's owner, or to the person who was being harmed by being cruel, not to the animal itself. Discussing the importance of preventing children from tormenting animals, he wrote: "For the custom of tormenting and killing of beasts will, by degrees, harden their minds even towards men."  [ edit ] 18th century: The centrality of sentience, not reason Jean-Jacques Rousseau argued in 1754 that animals are part of natural law , and have natural rights , because they are sentient. [ edit ] 1754, 1785: Rousseau, Kant Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712–1778) argued in Discourse on Inequality in 1754 that animals should be part of natural law , not because they are rational, but because they are sentient : "[Here] we put an end to the time-honoured disputes concerning the...
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This note was uploaded on 03/26/2012 for the course SCIENCE 103 taught by Professor Na during the Spring '12 term at American International.
- Spring '12