religion essay info

religion essay info - Paper prompt 1 Choose at least one...

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Paper prompt 1 Choose at least one set of canons or decrees issued by the Councils of Nicaea, Elvira, and/or Chalcedon (all linked from syllabus . ) Use this material to explain some of the ways that the situation, organization, and concerns of Jesus Followers--or Christians--changed between the period when Paul wrote his letters and the period when the councils met . For historical background on the councils, historical events, historical characters, or other relevant information, Freeman's book on early Christianity may be helpful, as well as the web resources listed on our class wiki . If you don't understand a term or idea, be sure to look it up in one of these sources . But please remember, this is not a research paper . Your task is to read closely a document from a particular historical moment and use it to help answer larger questions about the early development of Christianity . Be sure to cite passages from your document to support your argument and list all sources in a bibIography . Your paper should be about 3 pages long . FIRST COUNCIL OF NICAEA - 325 AD INTRODUCTION This council opened on 19 June in the presence of the emperor, but it is uncertain who presided over the sessions . In the extant lists of bishops present, Ossius of Cordova, and the presbyters Vitus and Vincentius are listed before the other names, but it is more likely that Eustathius of Antioch or Alexander of Alexandria presided . (see Decrees of the Ecumenical Councils , ed . Norman P. Tanner S.J.) The bold text in the profession of faith of the 318 fathers constitutes, according to Tanner "The additions made by the council to an underlying form of the creed", and that the underlying creed was most likely "derived from the baptismal formula of Caesarea put forward by the bishop of that city Eusebius" or that it "developed from an original form which existed in Jerusalem or at any rate Palestine" . "A direct descent from the creed of Eusebius of Caesarea is manifestly out of the question ." Vol 1, p2) The figure of 318 given in the heading below is from Hilary of Poitier and is the traditional one . Other numbers are Eusebius 250, Eustathius of Antioch 270., Athanasius about 300, Gelasius of Cyzicus at more than 300 . THE PROFESSION OF FAITH OF THE 318 FATHERS
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1. We believe in one God the Father all powerful, maker of all things both seen and unseen . And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God, the only-begotten begotten from the Father, that is from the substance [Gr . ousias, Lat. substantia] of the Father, God from God, light from light, true God from true God, begotten [Gr . gennethenta, Lat. natum] not made [Gr . poethenta, Lat. factum], CONSUBSTANTIAL [Gr . homoousion, Lat. unius substantiae (quod Graeci dicunt homousion)] with the Father, through whom all things came to be, both those in heaven and those in earth; for us humans and for our salvation he came down and became incarnate, became human, suffered and rose up on the third day, went up into the heavens, is coming to judge the living and the dead
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This note was uploaded on 04/01/2012 for the course REL 140 taught by Professor Rudasil during the Spring '08 term at USC.

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religion essay info - Paper prompt 1 Choose at least one...

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