TheMongolYoke (2)

TheMongolYoke (2) - for iniquity • Required payment of...

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The Mongol Yoke
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Europe, 11th century
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The decline of Kievan Rus’ Disintegration of Byzantine Empire; Division of land between heirs; Power struggle between states; Shifting economies: the end of traditional
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Prelude: the Battle of Kalka River 1223 CE Initiated by Mongolian generals with the permission of Genghis Kahn; Fought and defeated the combined forces of Kiev, the Cumans,
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Kalka River and beyond
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Mongol Expansion, 1206-1294
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The “Mongol Yoke” Began in 1237 with a re-conquering at the Battle of Sit River; Mongolian archery/cavalry virtually unstoppable by conventional means; Kiev destroyed, small princedoms
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The Golden Horde, 1240
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St. Alexander Nevsky c. 1220-1263 Prince of Novgorod during the Mongol invasion; Defeated the Livonian (warrior- knights) crusade; Signed treaties with Norway;
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Under the yoke: Interpreted in religious terms: punishment
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Unformatted text preview: for iniquity; • Required payment of tributes; pledges of loyalty; • Not every princedom was violently conquered: Novgorod and Pskov survived, but did pay tribute; • Had very little desire to exert influence on most aspects of everyday life, including Dmitri Donskoi • 1350-1389 • Prince of Moscow toward the end of the subjugation; • Oversaw construction of the Moscow kremlin; • Led forces at the decisive battle of Heritage of the Yoke • Allowed for the gradual ascendancy of Moscow over competing princedoms; • Over time, some ethnic mixing: many Russians can trace their ancestry to Mongolian/Tatar origins; • The same with language: some contemporary Russian words originated in these languages; • Stereotype of “Eastern cruelty” or “Oriental...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2012 for the course SLL 330g taught by Professor Wolfson during the Spring '07 term at USC.

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TheMongolYoke (2) - for iniquity • Required payment of...

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