Natural Law • The term natural law refers to the idea that there are certain ethical laws and principles that are morally right and “above” the laws devised by humans. • individuals should have the freedom to disobey a law enacted by majorities of people if their individual conscience goes against the law and they believe the law is wrong. • The idea that people have basic human rights, for example, is rooted in the concept of natural law. • Dow Chemical wants its suppliers to conform to U.S. environmental and labor laws, not just the local laws in the supplier’s country, where regulations may not be as stringent. • This reaction reflects the beliefs that people have a right to be treated fairly in their jobs and that they have a right as human beings to a clean environment. Legal Positivism • Legal positivism is an interpretive guide that urges us, as its followers, to design our legal system on the basis of the belief that legitimate political authority deserves our obedience when it issues a rule. • society requires authority and the hierarchy that such authority demands.
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