midterm - SAMURAI MIDTERM LAWL SPAM the social order ruled...

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SAMURAI MIDTERM LAWL SPAM- the social order ruled in status, also the hierarchy in order Tokugawa Period 1600/1603-1668 15 shogun with Ieyasu as the founder Tenno- heavenly sovereign/emperor- visited the shogun shogun. The procession from Edo to Kyoto would have the shogun all ready in Kyoto with a trail of samurai in line still in Edo. Before- warring states period- no central control- called Sengoku Three unifiers Oda Nobunaga (1534-1582) Helped separate peasants from warriors Toyotomi Hideyoshi (1537-1598) Instituted a national land survey- crucial to later tax policy Wanted to invade Korea and Japan, Ieyasu, as his retainer, influenced to peace Tokugawa Ieyasu (1543-1616) (r 1603-1605) Battle of Sekigahara – 1600 Ieyasu takes military control of the nation while Hideyoshi’s child is the ruler with a regent. Instead of trying to purge rivals he incorporates them as lords and creates a system of succession to keep power. 3 First Shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu r 1603-1605 Lived for 11 years after giving the throne to his son to ensure succession Pro English and Dutch trade, originally pro-Christianity which had been around since 1549 as a means to control the spread of Buddhism, later not approved because Christ considered above the Shogun Mechanisms of rule -dispossessed many lords -fiscal authority/ emergence of a consumer economy- forced to spend -income drains on Daimyo like demands for gifts, castle upkeep and parades, -Daimyo keep a place in Edo, had to bring enough people and clothing to suit the status of the daimyo, great tool of control -consolidated power but let Daimyos have a lot of fiscal autonomy and power -only one castle per domain- castles are military tech -oath of direct loyalty to shogun to prevent blocks of power -a countrywide system of inspectors, some secret
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Tokugawa Hidetada Did not do much, his father ruled mostly from behind the scenes, 3 rd son of Ieyasu, but then primogeniture because the fear of in-fighting Tokugawa Iemitsu Sacralized Ieyasu -Confiscation and the politics of space= if no heir or mismanagement also to break down power blocks -kokudaka- system of taxing based on the koku- would give rulers land with the same Koku value -reinforced SPAM -Sankin Kotai- alt attendance- wives and children in Edo and Daimyo back and forth -limited trade and diplomacy with only Nagasaki open to the Dutch for trade with the West Daimyo types Shimpan- Collateral houses- relatives of the Shogun, considered most loyal Fudai – Original supporters of Ieyasu- highest officials come from here Tozama Outer Daimyo, relocated away from Edo- not on Ieyasu’s said in Sekigahara Samurai and Tokugawa Society -Samurai made a living by taxing villagers through the lord- they received a stipend -Lived in a city (castle city of the domain)- left the land -Served the shogun- but formally the lord of one’s domain Dominant Values- Neo Confucianism -“Benevolent Government”
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midterm - SAMURAI MIDTERM LAWL SPAM the social order ruled...

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