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Unformatted text preview: Class Counts p. 56 To describe a social relationship as exploitative is to condemn it as both harmful and unjust to the exploited.. yet, white this moral dimension of exploitation is important, the core of the concept revolves around a particular type of antagonistic interdependence of material interests of actors within economic relations, rather than the injustice of those relations as such. This is a fairly complex set of conditions. Condition (A) establishes the antagonism of material interests. Condition (B) establishes that the antagonism is rooted in the way people are situated within the social organization of production. The expression asymmetrical in this criterion is meant to exclude fair competition from the domain of possible exploitations. Condition (C) establishes the specific mechanism by which the interdependent, antagonistic material interests are generated. The welfare of the exploiter depends upon the effort of the exploited, not merely the deprivations of the exploited. The crucial difference between exploitation and nonexpoitative oppression is that in an exploitative relations, the exploiter need to exploited since the exploiter depends upon the efforts of the exploited. In the case of nonexploitatieve oppression, the oppressor would be happy if the oppressed simply disappeared. Ife would have been much easier for the European settlers in North America if the continent had been uninhabited by people. Genocide is thus always a potential strategy for nonexploitative oppressors. Exploitations, therefore, does not merely define a set of statuses of social actors, but a pattern of on-going interactions structured by a set of social relations, relations which mutually bind the exploiter and the exploited together. This dependency of the exploiter on the exploited gives the exploited a certain form of power, since human beings always retain at least some minimal control over their own expenditure of effort....
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- Spring '12