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Lecture 2a - Lecture 2 A Children with Pervasive...

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Lecture 2. A) Children with Pervasive Developmental Disorders: Autism Spectrum Disorders Introduction: - Pervasive developmental disorders (PDD) is a broad category - ‘Pervasive” suggests the condition is extremely long lasting or permanent - ‘Developmental’ implies that the condition displays a significant delay in the process of development and affect many or all developmental domains - PDD is sometimes referred to as developmental delay or developmentally disabled o Individuals who suffer from chronic disabilities, attributable to mental or physical impairments, or a combination of these, that are manifested before age 22 and that result in functional limitations in major life activities, requiring special services and treatment that are lifelong or of extended duration Autism Spectrum Disorders - ‘Spectrum’ implies that the conditions range from moderate to severe - The word ‘autism’ comes from the Greek word ‘autos’, meaning ‘self’ - Main feature of autistic children is their self-absorption and socially withdrawn behaviour - Developmental disability, not an emotional disturbance - The IDEA definition… o Both inclusive and specific o Stresses age of onset (before 36 months) o Describes characteristics o Describe behaviours that affect educational performance o Mentions the groups excluded Autism History - First identified by Leo Kanner in 1943 o Early infantile autism o Described the behavioural characteristics of 11 children - He outlined 5 key symptoms: o An inability to relate to others in a normal way o The need for sameness within their environment o The failure to use language for the purpose of communication o A fascination of objects and the ability to handle them with dexterity o Extraordinary skills in isolated areas Prevalence - A rare disorder - Classic autism was originally believed to exist in 2-5 children per 10,000 - Textbook says 6 children per 1000 have at least one “autistic type” disorder and 4-5% of children have an autistic spectrum disorder -
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  • Spring '11
  • Goldberg
  • Developmental disability, Pervasive developmental disorder, autism spectrum, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Leo Kanner

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