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Lecture 4c - Lecture 4 C Children with Visual Impairments...

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Lecture 4. C) Children with Visual Impairments – Developmental consequences, assessment and treatment Developmental consequences - Generally, the more severe the impairment, the greater the developmental consequences - Motor development o Vision plays a leading role in an infants first efforts the independently explore the environment o Children who are blind have no natural motivation to lift their head and roll o Slower in crawling and walking o Delays in motor development result in poor balance - Cognitive development o Intelligence levels parallel those of the normal population - Perceptual development o Hearing is the only distance sense available o Build knowledge from olfactory, tactile, kinesthetic and auditory experiences o Synthetic touch: the tactual exploration of objects small enough to be enclosed by one or both hands o Analytic: for large objects, exploration of various parts for identification - Communication o Verbal language is critical for personal relationships o
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