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Unformatted text preview: PSYCHOLOGY 1000 DAY 1, Roots of Psychology 2 major roots o philosophy o natural science philosophical perspectives o nativism knowledge is gentic/innate focuses on hereditary factors nature o empiricism knowledge gained through observation and our sense • experiences • study only what can be observed • nurture o rationalism knowledge gained through logic and reasoning philosophical influences o Aristotle Empiricism Environment and upbringing shapes cognitive abilities o John Locke All that we know, comes from our senses Empiricism “Tabula Rasa” = blank slate natural science o phrenology (GALL) bumps in the skull indicate overdeveloped brain regions cranioscopy • can understand someone else’s personality from these bumps localized brain regions for behaviour o (FLOURENS) entire brain (not localized areas) worked in synchrony to produce general functions o now knowing what we do, we can see that, in part, they were both right. There are localized parts The whole brain is used o Charles Darwin Natural selection • Survival of the fittest Nothing special about humans • Humans can be studied scientifically o Ivan Sechenov Physiologist Believed that all complex behaviour can be explained by reflexed • Not true, however, some aspect of his studied were a huge...
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- Spring '11
- Psychology, early childhood experiences, Modern Psychology, Clinical psychology Research, Aristotle Empiricism Environment, behaviour Conflicting perspectives