PSYCHOLOGY Chapter 6 - PSYCHOLOGY Chapter 6 State of...

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Unformatted text preview: PSYCHOLOGY Chapter 6- State of consciousness: a pattern of subjective experiences; a way of experiencing internal and external events- Altered State of Consciousness: variation from our normal waking state The Puzzle of Consciousness- Consciousness: our moment-to-moment awareness of the environment and ourselves. It is… o Subjective and private: other people cannot know what reality is for you, nor can you enter directly into their experience o Dynamic: we drift in and out of various states through each day o Self-reflective and central to our sense of self: the mind is aware of it own consciousness- Consciousness is intimately connected with the process of selective attention Measuring States of Consciousness- Self Report: most common measure; people describe their inner experiences- Physiological measures: establish the correspondence between the bodily state and mental processes; these measures are objective but cannot tell what the person is feeling subjectively- Behavioural Measures: performance on special tasks, such as the rouge test Levels of Consciousness: Psychodynamic and Cognitive Perspective- Freud suggest 3 different level of consciousness o The conscious mind: contains thought, perceptions, and other mental events of which we are currently aware o The preconscious mind: mental events outside current awareness but that can easily be recalled under certain conditions o The unconscious mind: events cannot be brought into conscious awareness under ordinary circumstances o Non-conscious processes influence behaviour Placebo effect Split-brain patients Subliminal perception- The Cognitive Unconscious o Cognitive psychologists reject the notion of an unconscious mind driven by instinctive urges and repressed conflicts o Instead, they view conscious and unconscious mental life as complementary forms of information processing o Controlled vs. Automatic Processing Controlled (effortful) processing: the voluntary use of attention and conscious effort Automatic processing: performed with little of no conscious effort; occurs most often with routine actions or well-learned tasks Automatic processing can reduce our chances of finding new ways to approach a problem Controlled processing is slower and requires more effort but is more open to change o Divided Attention Automatic processing facilitates divided attention Divided attention: the ability to perform more than one activity at the same time- The Emotional Unconscious o Emotional and motivational processes also occur unconsciously and influence behaviour o These hidden processes can cause us to feel and act in ways that we cannot explain o You can be put in either a bad or good mood and be unsure of why your feeling that way You are influenced by events in your environment of which you are not consciously aware- The Modular Mind o The mind is a collection of largely separate but interacting modules o The various modules process information in parallel – that is...
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This note was uploaded on 03/27/2012 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 1000 taught by Professor Fazakas-dehoog during the Spring '11 term at UWO.

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PSYCHOLOGY Chapter 6 - PSYCHOLOGY Chapter 6 State of...

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