Diagnosis and Treatment

Diagnosis and Treatment - Running head DIAGNOSIS AND...

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Running head: DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT 1 Diagnosis and Treatment Dolores G. Quintanilla BEH 225 July 17, 2011 University of Phoenix
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DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT 2 Diagnosis and Treatment Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder in which periods of mania and depression alternate, sometimes with periods of normal mood intervening (Morris, Maisto, 1995.) Bipolar disorder affects almost six million American adults each year. The NIHM conducted a study and discovered one percent of adolescents ages 14 to 18 met the criteria for bipolar disorder (National Institute of Mental Health.) Some 20% of adolescents with major depression develop bipolar disorder within five years of the onset of depression (Brimaher, 1995.) When one parent has bipolar disorder, the risk to each child is 15 to 30%, if both parents have the disease, the risk increases to 50 to 75%. Up to one-third of the 3.4 million children and adolescents with depression in the United States may be experiencing the early onset of bipolar disorder (DBSA, 2000.) Bipolar disorder is the sixth leading cause of disability in the world and results in 9.2 years reduction in expected life span, furthermore, one in five patients with the disease commits suicide. Common symptoms of the disease are mood swings of extremely active, excessively talkative, euphoria, and easily distracted. People suffering from the disease become aggressive and hostile toward others, he or she can also become wild, incomprehensible, or violent as their self-confidence grows. He or she may experience mania (highs) or hypomania (lows) lasting from a few days to a few months. In manic disorder, children and adolescents experience irritability and are prone to destructive outbursts. In addition, when depressed, many children and adolescents suffer from headaches, stomachaches, tiredness, poor concentration, social isolation, fear of failures, and irritability. Bipolar disorder is an illness caused by genetic mutations, physiological disorders, and environmental factors. More than two-thirds of people with bipolar
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Diagnosis and Treatment - Running head DIAGNOSIS AND...

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