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Unformatted text preview: Running head: SKINNER ARTICLE 1 Skinner Article Dolores G. Quintanilla BEH225 June 16, 2011 SKINNER ARTICLE 2 Skinner Article Burrhus Frederic Skinner born March 20, 1904, in the small town of Susquehanna, Pennsylvania, he received his masters in psychology in 1930, his doctorate in 1931, on August 18, 1990; he died of leukemia (Boeree, 1998, 2006). Best know for the Skinner box and his theory of operant conditioning, a form of psychological learning where an individual modifies his or her behavior because of the association of the behavior with a stimulus from the environment to gain something desired or avoid something unpleasant. Four contexts of operant conditioning are positive and negative reinforcement and positive and negative punishment. Reinforcement is a consequence that causes a behavior to happen more. The Skinner box is an example of positive and negative reinforcement. The stimulus such as food given to the rat for pressing the lever is positive reinforcement, a loud...
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