Social Psychology Errors in Social Thinking 5 Outline

Social Psychology Errors in Social Thinking 5 Outline - 4)...

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Errors in Social Thinking 10/4/10
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Errors of Social Thinking 1) We are biased perceivers (Disadvantages of Schemas) a. Remembering what didn’t happen b. Confirmation biases a. Wason Card Task c. Self-fulfilling prophecies 2) __________________________________ _.
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Not knowing why. We don’t realize the effects of some factors Pantyhose study (Nisbett & Wilson)
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Not knowing why. We overestimate the effects of others The impact of weather on well-being study (Nisbett & Wilson)
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Errors of Social Thinking 1) We are biased perceivers (Disadvantages of Schemas) 2) We don’t know why we do what we do. 3)
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We think we’re right more often than we are. The overconfidence phenomenon “Newlywed Game” study Correct ______ of the time But felt ______ confident
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Errors of Social Thinking 1) We are biased perceivers (Disadvantages of Schemas) 2) We don’t know why we do what we do. 3) We think we’re right more than we are.
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Unformatted text preview: 4) We use mental shortcuts that sometimes lead to errors. • Availability heuristic – If it easily comes to mind, it must be a common occurrence. – Word frequency example We use mental shortcuts that sometimes lead to errors. • Availability heuristic – If it easily comes to mind, it must be a common occurrence. – Word frequency example • Representativeness heuristic – Relative base rates are neglected in favor of similarity information – Company Orange example We use mental shortcuts that sometimes lead to errors. • Availability heuristic – If it easily comes to mind, it must be a common occurrence. – Word frequency example • Representativeness heuristic – Relative base rates are neglected in favor of similarity information – Company Orange example • Anchoring and Adjustment Heuristic – Estimates are biased by a starting value. – Higher/Lower example...
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This note was uploaded on 03/27/2012 for the course PSYCH 6 taught by Professor Devers during the Spring '12 term at UCSD.

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Social Psychology Errors in Social Thinking 5 Outline - 4)...

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