Self-Justification Outline

Self-Justification Outline - Oct 22, 2010 V. The Self 1....

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Unformatted text preview: Oct 22, 2010 V. The Self 1. Historic Perspective on the Self 2. The Self-Concept 3. How do we know ourselves? 4. Self-esteem 5. The motive for self-justification Oct 22, 2010 V. The Self 1. Historic Perspective on the Self 2. The Self-Concept 3. How do we know ourselves? 4. Self-esteem 5. The motive for self-justification Review Questions Christina is an Olympic athlete who spends most of her time training. She tends to judge other peoples athleticism frequently. Which theory might explain why? A. Self-verification theory B. Self-perception theory C. Self-schematicity D. Spotlight effect Review Questions Christina just finished 4th in her Olympic event. In which scenario will this be the least upsetting? A. if she is also a college student, has many friends, and a part-time job. B. if she finds most of her identity in her running performance C. if she thinks about death D. if she thinks about the dentist Review Questions Christina just finished 4th in her Olympic event and suffers from low self-esteem. What statement will be the least upsetting? A. Youll do better next time B. This was an off-day C. The other runners were better D. You are really great runner Review Questions It doesnt make sense that Christina would have low self-esteem given her success, but she is always telling you how she is never satisfied and wants to do better. What combination of high and low self-esteem is best describes Christina? A. high implicit and low explicit B. low implicit and low explicit C. low implicit and high explicit D. high implicit and high explicit The Theory of Cognitive Dissonance When we are confronted with information implying that we may have behaved in ways that are irrational, immoral, or stupid, we experience a good deal of discomfort. This feeling of ____________ caused by performing an action that runs counter to ones customary (typically positive) conception of oneself is referred to as cognitive dissonance . Self-Justification Cognitive Dissonance Theory Cognitive Dissonance Theory (Festinger) When attitude and behavior dont match, people feel a negative arousal that they want to reduce. Solutions: Change ____________ to match attitude Change ____________ to justify behavior Create ____________ to justify the behavior Self-affirm (added by Steele) Trivialization (added by Greenberg) THE DECISION TO BEHAVE IMMORALLY When is it okay to lie to a friend? When is an act stealing, and when is it borrowing? Moral dilemmas involve powerful implications for ones self-esteem. Dissonance reduction following a difficult moral decision can cause people to behave either more or less ethically in the future. Suppose you decide to cheat on a test....
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Self-Justification Outline - Oct 22, 2010 V. The Self 1....

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