The Self Part 2 Outline

The Self Part 2 Outline - The Self Part 2 How do we know...

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The Self Part 2 How do we know ourselves? 10/18/10
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Knowing Ourselves through Introspection Introspection The process whereby people look _________ and examine their own thoughts, feelings, and motives. (1) People do not rely on this source of information as often as you might think. (2) Even when people do introspect, the reasons for their feelings and behavior can be hidden from conscious awareness.
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Judging Why We Feel the Way We Do: Telling More than We Can Know Even when we are self-aware and introspect to our heart’s content, it can be difficult to know _______ we feel the way we do. What is it about your sweetheart that made you fall in love? How much does sleep affect your state of mind? What really determines what mood you’re in?
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Judging Why We Feel the Way We Do: Telling More than We Can Know Causal Theories Theories about the causes of one’s own feelings and behaviors; often we learn such theories from our __________. e.g.: “Absence makes the heart grow fonder.” The problem is that our schemas and theories are not always correct and thus can lead to incorrect judgments about the causes of our actions.
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The Consequences of Introspecting about Reasons Tim Wilson and his colleagues have found that analyzing the reasons for our feelings is not always the best strategy and in fact can make matters worse. When people list reasons why they feel as they do about their romantic partners, they often change their attitudes toward their partners, at least temporarily. Why? It is difficult to dissect the exact causes of our romantic feelings, so we latch on to reasons that _______________ and that happen to be on our minds.
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The Consequences of Introspecting about Reasons _____________________ Attitude Change Attitude change resulting from thinking about the reasons for one’s attitudes; people assume their attitudes match the reasons that are plausible and easy to verbalize. Remember the Friends episode we mentioned in which Ross makes a list of reasons for his feelings toward Rachel and Julie? As in the research studies, Ross found it easiest to verbalize reasons that did not match his feelings. Although he loved Rachel, he seemed unable to explain why, so he wrote things like “She’s just a waitress” and “She’s a little ditzy.”
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Who do you think would be happiest with their decision to purchase something, like an art poster? 1. Someone who spent several minutes thinking about why they like or dislike each poster they looked at. 2. Someone who chose their poster without analyzing the reasons for their feelings.
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KNOWING OURSELVES BY OBSERVING OUR OWN BEHAVIOR Self-Perception Theory The theory that when our attitudes and feelings are uncertain or ambiguous, we infer these states by observing our ___________ and the situation in which it occurs. 1. We infer our inner feelings from our behavior only when
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This note was uploaded on 03/27/2012 for the course PSYCH 6 taught by Professor Devers during the Spring '12 term at UCSD.

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The Self Part 2 Outline - The Self Part 2 How do we know...

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