Altruism Outline

Altruism Outline - Can there be a truly altruistic act? The...

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Can there be a truly altruistic act?
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The norm of reciprocity _reciprocal_ _altruism_ – helping someone makes it more likely that they will help you
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How does helping help us? What are the costs and benefits of helping? Makes it more likely that the person we help will help us in the future Relieves our own distress at witnessing suffering Social _approval_ from others Feelings of _self-worth_
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Evidence for Reciprocal Altruism Arousal: Cost-reward Model A. The _emotional_ response of witnessing someone’s personal distress B. The _cognitive_ cost-benefit analysis of helping
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The Good Samaritan Participants: Seminary students Method: Participants were told to walk to another building, where they would make a brief speech. As they walked to the building, they passed a man who was slumped in a doorway. The man coughed and groaned as the participant walked past. Did they stop and offer to help? Darley & Batson (1973)
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Predictions Time Constraint No Time Constraint Good Samaritan Speech 10 63 Seminary Jobs 9 61
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Empathy-Altruism Hypothesis Batson argues that were are likely to help for purely altruistic reasons when we feel _empathy_ for another person by putting ourselves in their shoes.
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Trading Places Participants: undergraduates Method: The participant is paired with a partner “Elaine” who has randomly been assigned to do an unpleasant task that the participant has been randomly assigned to observe. Elaine has been
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This note was uploaded on 03/27/2012 for the course PSYCH 6 taught by Professor Devers during the Spring '12 term at UCSD.

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Altruism Outline - Can there be a truly altruistic act? The...

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