Group Performance Outline

Group Performance Outline - Monday Nov. 8, 2010 - Outline...

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Monday Nov. 8, 2010 - Outline I. Social Influence – Changing Behavior A. Compliance B. Obedience C. Conformity II. Behavior in Groups A. How Groups Affect Performance 1. Performance in front of an Audience 2. Performance within Groups
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Performance in front of an Audience Do people perform better or worse in front of an audience?
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Social Facilitation Triplett (1898) ‘________________ ’ facilitates performance Fishing Reel Study (Triplett, 1897) Hmm…but not always
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Social Facilitation Zajonc (1965) ‘mere presence’ facilitates ___________ response: __ accuracy if task is easy/well-learned __ accuracy if task is hard/novel Pool Study (Michaels et al.)
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Pool Study (Michaels) 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 % of shots made Good Pool Players Poor Pool Players No Audience Audience
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Why does it happen? _____________ apprehension “Choking” Blindfolds Get a Dog Study (Allen et al.) Innate social _________ mechanism Cockroach Study (Zajonc) Threat/Challenge Study (Blascovich et al.)
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Social Facilitation Blascovich (1999) Depends on what ‘kind’ of arousal ___________ = cardiac activity + veins expand ________ = cardiac activity + veins constrict
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Threat/Challenge Study No Change (____) Challenge (____) No Change (____) Threat (____) Alone Audience Learned Task New Task
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Social facilitation theory tells us that the mere presence of others affects performance Question: Does it matter who these others in the audience are? We often like to have a supportive audience present when we perform Does it reliably affect performance?
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Had participants play video game in front of supportive, neutral, or adversarial audience When given a challenging criterion, supportive audience actually _________ performance
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This note was uploaded on 03/27/2012 for the course PSYCH 6 taught by Professor Devers during the Spring '12 term at UCSD.

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Group Performance Outline - Monday Nov. 8, 2010 - Outline...

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