Interpersonal Attraction Outline

Interpersonal Attraction Outline - Interpersonal Attraction...

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Interpersonal Attraction 11/19/10
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Interpersonal Attraction Dominant assumption: People are basically ______________ We are attracted to those individuals whose presence is __________ to us They may do rewarding ________ for us They may possess rewarding ____________ They give us access to external ________
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Interpersonal Attraction Several factors have been identified that are related to interpersonal attraction One stands out among all the rest The single most important characteristic that tends to determine attraction is _________ ___________________
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What makes a woman attractive? Big ________ Wide ________ Prominent cheek bones __________ ratio Symmetry
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What makes a man attractive? Broad ______ __-shaped frame _________ Symmetry
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The “Halo Effect” There is an incredibly positive stereotype associated with physical attractiveness Called the “halo effect” or the “_____________ ___________” stereotype Physically attractive people are perceived to be Happier More __________ More socially skilled More __________________ More intelligent
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Physical Attractiveness “_____________” seems to lead to perceptions of attractiveness Although there are cultural differences in what is viewed as attractive, there is tremendous consensus on what constitutes attractive features
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Physical Attractiveness Physical attractiveness has been shown to bias a wide range of judgments including Evaluations of performance Behavior during ________________ Courtroom ___________
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Role of Attractiveness in Teacher’s Evaluation of Essays 6.7 6.6 5.9 5.2 4.7 2.7 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Attractive Control Unattractive Ratings of Essay Quality Good Quality Poor Quality
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Role of Attractiveness in Courtroom Evaluations 2.8 5.1 5.2 5.5 4.3 4.3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Attractive Control Unattractive Number of Years Burglary Swindle
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Why do we see these effects? By being around physically attractive others, we raise our own status in the eyes of others (and perhaps ourselves) Relates to the hedonistic assumption People tend to rate attractive people as more __________________ They are like me and my characteristics are good Maybe they deserve it (i.e., they actually do possess these more positive characteristics more than others) Beware the role of self-fulfilling prophecy!
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Factors that affect attraction Physical Attractiveness Similarity Matching hypothesis Proximity/Propinquity Familiarity Mere exposure effect Contextual factors
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