Reducing Prejudice Outline

Reducing Prejudice Outline - Reducing Prejudice 11/29/10...

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Unformatted text preview: Reducing Prejudice 11/29/10 Theories of Prejudice 1. Frustration-Aggression Theory & Scapegoating 2. Realistic Group Conflict Theory 3. Social Identity Theory 4. Terror Management Theory 5. Personality Differences such as Need for Closure Reasons why stereotypes are hard to change 1. Ultimate Attribution Error 2. Illusory Correlation 3. Sub-typing 4. Self-fulfilling prophecy 5. Shifting Standards Factors that affect attraction Physical Attractiveness Similarity Matching hypothesis Proximity/Propinquity Familiarity Mere exposure effect Contextual factors A Few Approaches 1. Contact Hypothesis 2. Revised Contact Hypothesis 3. Common Ingroup Identity Model 4. Colorblind vs. Diversity Approach Contact hypothesis Six necessary conditions: Mutual interdependence A common goal Must be equal status contact Informal, friendly setting Interaction with multiple members Social norms of equality present Contact hypothesis Creating situations of mutual interdependence is difficult Examples Use of superordinate goals (Sherifs Robbers Cave) Jigsaw classroom (Aronson) Sherif Aronson Pettigrews (1998) Reformulated Contact Theory 1. A new necessary condition Friendship potential 1. Four processes the underlie the effects a) Learning new knowledge b) Changing behavior c) Creating affective ties d) Ingroup reappraisal 2. A stage model of the role of categorization Pettigrews Categorization Stages SEVEN Necessary Conditions For Contact Initial Contact De- categorization TIME Established Contact Salient categorization Unified Group Re- categorization Initial anxiety, but can lead to liking of the individual Can lead to less prejudice generalized to the group Leads to maximum reduction in prejudice Gaertner & Dovidios Common Ingroup Identity Model Like Pettigrews stages of categorization...
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Reducing Prejudice Outline - Reducing Prejudice 11/29/10...

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