Full Islam Notes - Islam Origins A very diverse tradition -...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Origins A very diverse tradition -- spans various geographic locations and cultures Very few generalizations that can be made of Muslim practice that will describe the entire population of the Muslim people Islam is the Arabic word for submission or surrender Total submission with which Muslims commit themselves to the will of God The act of submission/surrender is modeled on the act of Hebrew patriarch Abraham -- the ideal Muslim is Abraham -- when Abraham was going to sacriFce his son Islam is the Arab lineage as descended from Abraham’s son Ishmael Hagar and Ishmael -- Abraham settles them in the Arab peninsula The Prophets of the Abrahamic Traditions Islam is the last of the three monotheistic/Abrahamic traditions Sees itself in continuity with, and a completion of Judaism and Christianity Completing the prophetic tradition of the Hebrew bible -- 1,24000 prophets across human history Rich recognition of the prophetic traditions recognized by both Judaism and Christianity 5 of the prophets are especially important: Noah Abraham Moses Occupies more space in the Qur’an, than any other prophet His religious career is parallel to that of Muhammed Moses grows up and Orphan -- as does Muhammed Jesus The Qur’an recognizes the special mandate of Jesus The Qur’an afFrms much of what Christianity holds to be true about Jesus Denies that Jesus was the Son of God -- that he was divine Muhammed The last in a long line of prophets Sent to the Arabian peninsula to reenergize the faith; to seal the faith -- to impart the Fnal word of God on humanity Central Fgure of Islam Important because he acts as a “life example” or the sunnah -- becomes the model for the ideal of how to live life An exemplary Fgure within the world -- how to live life Their signiFcance is having received a special revelation from God ReafFrming the relationship between God and Humanity Explains why Islam is considered a western tradition Islam
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
History The Pre-Islamic World Vs. The Islamic World Pre-Islamic World Arose in the Arabian Peninsula during the 7 th CE -- younger than the other Abrahamic traditions Before Islam, the area was characterized by a variety of practices that came to be considered practices of foolishness or Jahiliya practices -- the uncultured Practices of ignorance or a lack of culture -- ignorant of moral practice Feudal society -- aligned along clan loyalties If you belonged to a tribe, you had the protection of that tribe Pre-islamic society was a society that aligned itself with tribal loyalties It was deeply fatalistic -- venerated large numbers of deities -- lacked a greater system of faith with any kind of view of salvation; a larger vision of life other than what one experienced in the world The pre-islamic society was con±ict ridden and violent Mecca Islam had its roots in the trading town of Mecca
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 03/27/2012 for the course RELIGION 200 taught by Professor Dr.asban during the Spring '12 term at University of Calgary.

Page1 / 11

Full Islam Notes - Islam Origins A very diverse tradition -...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online