Responses to first exam - Responses to first exam:...

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Responses to first exam: Apocalypticism – It is the dark interpretation that the end of the world is near and thus the people or community has to prepare itself for this. It was the biggest concern of the Jewish group of Essenes, who made various libraries (such as the Dead Sea Scrolls), and were a small minority that separated themselves from society. Moreover, it was the concern of the revolutionary, nationalist group of Zealots (whose role led to the destruction of the Second Temple) too. This idea mostly became heated up after the Babylonian invasion of 586 BCE, after which followed a period of tremendous lament for the Jewish community due to the destruction of the temple made by King Solomon and the exile of the community from the Promised Land. And it also followed from the idea of messianism that a political figure with powers (preferably military power) would be sent by God to save the community and bring them back to the Promised Land. Emic/Etic – Emic refers to viewing religious practice from the inside, from personal experiences (e.g. attending a ceremony or celebrating a holiday), whereas etic refers to viewing religious practice from the outside (e.g. watching people practice religion or reading about it as an observer. This is one of the three elements of the phenomenology of religion, which is a set of principles for studying religions in a non-biased manner. To effectively examine a religion, one must balance both etic and emic information to get a well-rounded view. These are extremely significant, as the emerged in response to the host of psychologists, sociologists, and anthropologists who had very belittling and reductive views of religion, such as Freud, Marx, and Mueller to name a few. Therefore a balance of etic and emic observations was necessary to ensure a fair, unprejudiced, and scholarly study of religion was possible. Haggadah – This is an element or section of the Talmud, which is intensive commentary of many rabbinical opinions regarding the Mishnah (200 BCE), the legal framework of Jewish life. The Haggadah, also called the Agaddah, comments on the literary work, including moral tales, anecdotes, fables, etc., of the Mishnah. It is one of the two sections of the Talmud (the first being the Halakhah). Its importance lies in the various perspectives provided by rabbis over many centuries relating to the proper life of a Jew. The Talmud’s compilation essentially began after the destruction of the Second Temple in
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Responses to first exam - Responses to first exam:...

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