GOOD - IndicTraditions - INDIC TRADITIONS SOURCES SOURCES...

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S OURCES S OURCES OF A SIAN T RADITIONS Our sources are mainly archeological sources and textual sources A RCHEOLOGICAL S OURCES 1926 -- archeological excavations around the area of western India led to the discovery of an ancient civilization known as the Indus Valley civilization (also known as the Harappa and Mohentodaro) Concentrated around the ancient river Indus Archeological excavations revealed extensive data We know it was a settled urban culture -- well planned, ritual bath house -- sophisticated for its time Worked with bronze Various kinds of coinage -- active in trade A literate culture -- script is found on both pottery and coins The script has never been deciphered Enables us to get a sketch of the religion in practice Concerned with with purity and pollution Reverence for females, animals, and asceticism Eventually, the Indus Valley civilization dies out -- for reasons unknown T EXTUAL S OURCES The collection of texts known as the Vedas Are recognized as the most ancient scripture of Hinduism and Indian civilization Variously dated -- the oldest strain is from 1500 BCE The oldest textual source is 1000 years after the Indus Valley civilization Divided into various segments -- four major collections of texts A vast body of scripture Composed in Sanskrit Our reconstruction of the ancient civilizations derives from the Vedas H ISTORY R ECONSTRUCTION OF A NCIENT I NDIAN H ISTORY I NDO -E UROPEAN L ANGUAGES 18 th century -- the Indian subcontinent was under the colonel rule of the British Empire In the early phases of the British presence -- the British government determined that the way to govern India, was to govern them by their own laws Try to interfere as little as possible by implementing the laws that are already in existence The british had to learn Indian languages in order to govern India -- they understood that language to be Sanskrit INDIC TRADITIONS Asceticism are practices for disciplining the body. In this case it consisted of proto-yogic positions
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British administrators had to learn Sanskrit in order to decipher their ancient law books In the process of learning Sanskrit -- many people began to realize that are many similarities between Sanskrit and European languages The languages were related Gave rise to the propositions that the language of Europe and the languages of India were born out of a similar language: Indo-European The people of this language lived in the steppes of Russia One branch went into Europe, another in Iran, and another in India Developed their languages differently T HE V EDAS Speak of a people called the Arya -- meaning “noble” in Sanskrit Europeans took the term to mean a race of people -- known as the Aryans 19 th century -- the Aryans were understood to be a “manly” race -- conquered India THE ARYAS IN VEDIC LITERATURE Not a race of people, but rather a designation of people who think of themselves as
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GOOD - IndicTraditions - INDIC TRADITIONS SOURCES SOURCES...

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