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Unformatted text preview: RLG 100 January 23, 2012 different sects of Jainism: two major sects are the digahbara- sky class and the svetambara- white class. they are disEnguished by clothes and perspecEves they are both monasEc communiEes. digahbara: male community. had disagreement whether or not women could achieve enlightenment. they knew women had the apitude for enlightenment, but the concern was about women bodies. they are the sky class- they dont wear clothing and this is not safe for women. therefore they cant achieve enlightenment in their own body must be a man. a second concern is their menstrual funcEons. they also disagree on the original nature of mahaveta the creator. svetambara: believe the mahaveta isa human being like us who struggled with karma and confusion. had effort to achieve enlightenment. diahbara: didnt think it was a human being like we think of humans. always free of karma and closer to divine than human. body like crystal the groups also disagreed on elements of his life sv: he is married and had a child before he goes into forest. di: thinks he is above and transcends those kinds of human concerns. never married and no children four major points of difference between the sects. list these in a test quesEon JAIN IDEAS karma: they regard karma as an actual material substance. it is conceptualized as a fine powder like dust that sePles on ones soul or spirit. all beings (including plants) have souls. souls is called jiva. all of us have jivas and they are self luminous that illuminates mind and perspecEve. this is how we spirituality see however, the problem is karma sePles like dust on the jiva. it obscures the light of the jiva and inhibits out ability to see and penetrate to illusion ad the darkness of karma. what keeps the karma sEcking on the jiva? quality of desire. desire binds karma to us. how do we get rid of it? 1) rid yourself of desire. Therefore we want to get rid of desire for things to be other than they are. This is the theological principle behind enlightenment in the jain tradiEon. (in context of enlightenment, karma is bad for all eastern tradiEons) JAIN PRINCIPLES OF LIVING swasEka: swasEka is a core religious symbol in the eastern tradiEons. it is the symbol of auspiciousness and good things. it is very common to find the swasEka on the door and entrances to homes. it expresses the heart of jainism. the four legs symbolize the four realms of rebirth (plants animal divine ghost) the point where they meet in the middle is human. the three dots at the top are core values of jainism, three jewels. they are: 1) right of view, therefore ri[t understanding in the correct way. 2) right knowledge, therefore we acquire knowledge, experienEal and scholasEc 3) right acEon, therefore right conduct. the sem circle represents the human aspiraEon for freedom and enlightenment. the dot at the centre represents freedom itself, moksha. right of acEon:, jains put more emphasis on right acEon. how to eb and behave in the world. refers to five ethical basic principles. telling
truth, not stealing, sexual restraint, not coveEng what belongs to others, and most important is the ethic of ahimsa. this quality defines jain tradiEon, that being non harm to others. they had a tremendous impact on all indic tradiEons and Indian thinking. ahimsa is the first and dominant ethic of jainism. physically it means not harming or causing injury to other beings. therefore jains are vegetarian. even plants life is to be taken as sparingly as possible. only take what you need. in the aestheEc and monasEc tradiEon, they only eat fruit and vegetables that has naturally fallen from the tree. it is the first tradiEon in the world to have developed a sensiEvity that there are microorganisms in the universe that we cannot see. Their compassion even extends to them. in monasEc, jains try to avoid causing injury to even thtat level of being. therefpre monks and nuns typically wear masks over nose and mouth. Cant engage in trade in beings. therefore cant raise chickens or sell eggs etc. this is considered violent and harmful. therefore they are only in labour that avoids all injury to beings. they tend to be a business community. even then they have a stern core of ethics so as to not exploit workers and to be concerned about the well being of all involved in any business enterprise. jain concern for ahimsa shapes the diets of jains diet: vegetarian. typically avoid root vegetables because youd have tp dig them out, disrupEng their habitat of insects etc. also roots might have microorganisms. ahimsa conEnued: these concerns extend socially. they will set up hospitals for injured birds and animals. they will also go into markets where their selling animals for foo, buy them, and release them into habitat. willl not even think about harm to others . dont discriminate between rich and poor. concern for the environment: impose as sparingly as possible on ones environment, only take whats needed not wanted. this is a sustainable and least harmful way of living. is it possible to live in the world with complete ahimsa? no. you do your best is the jain answer, they try to the best degree that they can. suicide is a bad karma producing act. next life won't be good. but it is a common pracEce for an elderly person to fast to death. younger members of the monasEc community o]en decide to depart world and make a solemn resolve to that effect. at that point they fast to death. this acEve resolve to end life is not considered suicide because not 6red of living because of material things. it is called sallekhana. self willed death jains engage in certain type of reflecEons to accommodate the fact that there are many different thinking peoples of the world. anekantavada the knowledge that ideas and phenomenon's have many perspecEves and faces. Pluralism. One of the first religions to think this. syadvada: the jains consciously avoid making absolute declaraEve and exclusive statements. you'd say i find it here. you may not and that is fine. etc. the jain tradiEon is basically defined by this concern and commitment to ahimsa ...
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- Spring '12