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Psychology 110 Notes 5

Psychology 110 Notes 5 - Learning:OperantConditioning...

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Learning: Operant Conditioning What is an operant? Do nonhuman animals think? 17:46 Conclusions Learning depends on past experience Give one group of animals that you don’t give to other subjects. Then you look at the  consequence. UR is a reflex that is elicited by a US. CR is similar to the UR and is elicited by the CS after training. Brought about by the conditioned stimulus that was paired with the unconditioned  stimulus Behaviorism focuses on observable stimuli and responses Drug tolerance and withdrawal may involve compensatory responses. B.F. Skinner Operant box/Skinner box has keys that pigeon can peck. Main proponent of behaviorism. “Difference between hero and villain is reinforcement history” Experience that human has determines how individual behaves today. Believed in engineering society to encourage “good” behavior. Operant Conditioning First responses emitted, not elicited. Emitted – you don’t really force the animal to engage in behavior, you have to wait for it  and then reinforce it when it happens.
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