Exam 1 Study Guide - Deviant Behavior Study Guide Chapter 1...

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Chapter 1 Cam’ron was shot and when he had the chance to identify the person that shot him, he didn’t because “its not in his nature” to rat out someone. He would lose all of his street credibility. This is just a stereotype of deviant behavior. As with most other things, in the world of deviance, things are often not what they seem. Just about everyone has done something that someone else disapproves of. Humans are evaluative creatures. Societies everywhere have rules or norms governing what we may and may not do, how we should think, what we should believe, even how we should look, and those norms are so detailed and complex, and so dependent on the views of different evaluators, that what everyone does, believes, and is, is looked on negatively by someone, indeed in all likelihood, by lots of other people. –  BIASED TOWARDS THE POSITIVE BIASED TOWARDS THE NEGATIVE “DIFFERENT” OR “UNEXPECTED” ARE WORDS OFTEN USED TO DESCRIBE DEVIANCE FROM A SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE There are four necessary ingredients for deviance to take place or exist: one, a rule of norm; two, someone who violates (or is thought to violate) that norm; three, an “audience,” someone who judges the normative violations to be wrong; and four, a measurable likelihood of a negative reaction by that audience-criticism, condemnation, censure, stigma, disapproval, and so on. Norms are everywhere, and they carry in seriousness, and different people have different norms. Deviance is that which is reacted to negatively, in a socially rejecting fashion. What defines deviance are the actual or potential reactions that acts, beliefs, and traits generate or are likely to generate in audiences. DEVIANCE VARIES ACCORDING TO NORMS –  NO ACTION IS INHERENTLY DEVIANT •  PEOPLE  BECOME  DEVIANT –  HOW OTHER PERCEIVE AND LABEL US •  DEVIANCE INVOLVES POWER –  RULE-MAKERS, RULE-BREAKERS, AND RULE-ENFORCERS –  NORMS AND APPLYING LABEL AND CALL THEM DEVIANT ARE LINKED TO SOCIAL POSITION (THEY WAY THEY GREW UP) Nearly all of us also violate society’s rules. The more numerous and detailed the rules, the more opportunities there are for normative violations. Hardly anyone abides by all rules all the time. We have our own views and they may agress or disagress with the audiences whose reactions we are looking at. We take note of public opinion. The term deviance is absolutely nonpejorative. This means that they are descriptive terms that apply to what others think and how they are likely to react. Even if you don’t agree with that judgment, it is real and must be acknowledged. Deviance applies in all spheres and areas of human life. Deviance is everywhere and anywhere people engage in behavior, hold and express beliefs, and possess traits that others regard as unacceptable. Violations are perceived and condemnation is elicited differently in different societies and among different people. POSITIVE ASPECTS OF DEVIANCE:
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This note was uploaded on 04/01/2012 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 4020 taught by Professor D.garfin during the Fall '11 term at Georgia State.

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Exam 1 Study Guide - Deviant Behavior Study Guide Chapter 1...

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