Exam Essay - Chapter 1 Just about everyone has done...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 1 Just about everyone has done something that someone else disapproves of. For example, Cam’ron was shot and when he had the chance to identify the person that shot him, he didn’t because “its not in his nature” to rat out someone. He would lose all of his street credibility. This is just a stereotype of deviant behavior. Societies everywhere have rules or norms governing how we should live our life. There is always bias between the positive and negative norms. In order for deviance to occur one must have a rule of norm, someone who violates that norm, an “audience” that judges the wrongs of that norm, and the negative reactions because of that norm being violated. Deviance describes the behavior in which one responds negatively towards social fashion. No action is inherently deviant and people become deviant. The more detailed the rules are, the more room there is to violate a social norm. Deviance is nonpejorative. This means that they are descriptive terms that apply to what others think and how they are likely to react. But there is positive deviance, such as, affirming cultural values and encouraging social change. However, it is only the majority (most powerful) in a society that gets to decide what’s defined as deviant. For example, rape and terrorism are acts of deviance because they negatively affect the majority of society as a whole. What fetches condemnation in one social circle produces indifference or even praise in another. In Merton’s strain theory, deviant behavior is linked to social structure. Here, it asks two key questions: How realistic are social (personal) goals? How accessible are the legitimate means for obtaining such goals? The gap between what “ought to be” and “what is” leaves a person “strained.” Certain beliefs are not deviant simply because they are wrong. They are deviant because they violate the norms of a given society, or an institution within a society. Primary deviance says that we all break the rules in our given society. Secondary deviance is when someone labels you as deviant by pushing to you commit the same norm violation or helps you with a deviant act. Stigmatizing someone as deviant is putting a person through degrading ceremonies because of their social disgrace. Retrospective labeling is reinterpreting someone’s past and confirming they that are the way they are because of it. All of these examples of deviant behavior is learned through our social circles. If the people that you hang around violate social norms, it is likely that you too will partake in this deviance. How to commit a crime is taught and how to neutralize feelings towards committing that crime (because of guilt or shame) is learned. “Collective” deviance simply means that one is automatically discredited as a
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/01/2012 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 4020 taught by Professor D.garfin during the Fall '11 term at Georgia State University, Atlanta.

Page1 / 5

Exam Essay - Chapter 1 Just about everyone has done...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online