Comm 1014 Notes

Comm 1014 Notes - Comm 1014 Notes Chapter 1 Communication...

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Comm 1014 Notes Chapter 1 Communication definitions: diverse representations- an exchange of ideas- not necessarily an exchange or more emotions than ideas. Class room definition: communication is a social process in which individuals or organizations employ symbols to establish and to interpret meaning in their environment. Social Process: either internally or with others that is continuously ongoing. Transaction of ideas/feelings, dynamic process, so misinterpretation is very possible. Symbols: an arbitrary label that we place on something. Subjective, beholden to interpretation of labeler. Could be very different for different people. Can include gestures, colors, facial movements. Created within cultures. Can be verbal/non- verbal. Concrete: the symbol represents the object. Culture: a community of meaning (shared meaning). Abstract: about thought or idea. Ex: love. Meaning: what you take away from communication. Impossible to be separated from symbol. Environment: must take audience into account- most important part of any speech/presentation. Context: place. Situation: reason for being there, state of mind. Some contexts are mediated (electronic communication) while others are face-to-face. Intention: reason for being there. Question: is all communication intentional? Some believe that we can’t NOT communicate- everything we do is a form of communication. Models of Communication: any model of communication has two basic elements- instrumental (goal-oriented) in nature and is interdisciplinary- draws from a number of fields. Aristotelian Model: first and most fundamental model of communication. Sender- message-audience. Sender is person or group with message to share that goes to an audience. Extremely simplistic. Cybernetic Model (Feedback Model): Developed by Wiener. Created the field of cybernetics, which is the study of how communication flows and controls a system. Started with basic Aristotelian Model, but adds feedback, which is the message sent from the audience back to the sender saying that a message was received. Three things that make for effective feedback: immediacy (has most
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impact when given very soon after message is received) focused (specific rather than broad message) specificity Linear Model: Shannon and Weaver- adds channel to Aristotelian model. Information source-transmitter/channel (means by which the message is sent)- receiver-destination. Noise source can affect all parts of this process. Noise: any additional or unwanted stimuli that can disrupt the accuracy of the message being transmitted or received. Four types of noise: semantics (words, study of meaning. Ex: using one word that has different meanings to different people) physical (anything in the situation or environment that causes an interruption or misunderstanding) psychological (any kind of distraction that comes from attitudes or emotions) physiological (noise from within the body). First theory to bring up concept of noise. However, no feedback.
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2012 for the course COMM 1014 taught by Professor Bmwaggenspack during the Spring '06 term at Virginia Tech.

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Comm 1014 Notes - Comm 1014 Notes Chapter 1 Communication...

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