Intro to Social Psychology

Intro to Social Psychology - Chapter 1 Introducing Social...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 1 _, Introducing Social Psychology Branches of Psychology I Clinical Cognitive Developmental Heahh Personality Social Defining Sociai Psychology - The scientific study of how people think about, influence, and relate to one another How does social psych differ from other fields? Hindsight bias — tendency to exaggerate, after learning an outcome, one’s ability to have foreseen that outcome Social Psychology Perspectives — Sociocultural — causes of social behavior lie within influences from larger social groups - Evolutionary - Natural selection has developed socially adaptive behaviors in humans ~ Social Learning — past learning experiences are determinants of behavior - Social Cognition — mental processes inVOIVed in paying attention to, remembering, and interpreting social experience determine social behavior Scientific Values l Accuracy I Objectivity l Skepticism I Open-Mindedness Reliability — Extent to which a measure applied repeatedly exhibits the same results Validity — Extent to which a measure accurately reflects the concept being studied - External validity applies to generalizability across situations - Internal validity applies to the accuracy within the study itself Methodologies - NaturalistlcObservation o ArchivalAnalysis 0 Participant Observation - Correlational o Surveys - Experimental - Meta—Analysis Experimental terminology Random Assignment ~ assigning participants to conditions so that all persons have an equal chance of being in any condition Cover Story — a false presentation of the topic of interest of the study Convenience Samples Replication Operational definition - clarifying specific meaning ofvariables Mundane Realism Psychological Realism Variable Types I independent Variables—manipulated I Dependent Variables—measured fl Confounding Variables — variable that systematically changes along with the independent variable Mediating Variables — How Hypotheses - Null 2 no difference - Alternative = difference Theory - scientific explanation that connects and organizes existing observations and suggests fruitful paths for future research Types of Research Basic ~— deals with fundamental questions and theories Applied — applications of basic research to everyday societal needs 92’ flow/H?“ Ethics - lnformedConsent ~ Debriefing - institutional Review Boards (lRB’sfiaqppmqygeq “31$ch - Deception e . .~ 6X imcjwt 66-62%; 6— 6-“f-:-:___--fl_’_6":6 ‘ __.-6-6,_::::1oo6_--.36 _6_-.-- Wag-66 ‘21: 61er w‘wfiic -- 6-66 66:”wgzans6-L6' - -_ -.66 6 -- 6 6E - ,6 .___.- - - - _6_...,666- .___ 6... 6 - ,.l ‘9‘ 66-66-_._§_. , .6-6 __ _-. ,66 ....._. ,66 _.._.._._. I .. -m," ___ K m3. B:iém:- ._~.. ._______.,,7:::_1Crsr‘l‘cL i2 «2:20qu 1 fig“ #4711.” , Wm[ ‘+ .m“ Andi, Qbfi‘mk’tfi Wm uafiugwfi, all a. ghAM‘K’” WQSS" :PDIUNBOH) (\KVE’X Win-1‘) :{a‘rfijUFW‘fiag Ww‘k Vfivw‘w’] 9ft: V M— Rae “K, ”MM“ M-ng. m ., 1 - 37¢ blaseaé/SachlwymbHaLbik> __ __ f ' ~ My have. a reprfiwficf‘ki «34M ‘- , - w. Mavwm'? ,, _. 1 am Mannw‘m’éé “WM—Mvmbg . “a... , yg‘wfifliyyyyyy “mam; yyyy My _ yy __.__.M__‘MM+Mfi+ ._r.-.___.'...__'___._,-_..y. LyyHMy ’ yyyye/«aluaseg .242 yM 242%. ma gawmquyyyyyy ,,,,, y I | ”M“:&_ 14% ' - y;:___- __.yyy yyyihwvehl :a. ,, 3 W MW [3an 33% M area/r63 dofi. 3U Wham. 2; $23.4 —h wgwfimnm WGL/fl * _. y 1} <21__ 5W€Mh+ pvt/6p“? P 05 . ,, y yV_n____________________________,yy “@A 3£4VL 1 SE: (/418me WW __/~>~—basz€: _ w M Ag, M 3%; =4. #éamgm = - J: -9) iflmfi i 1mg a, WM 1%: _ ____K J ‘,.f.___WMAAmM _..A Z n _ Wflfiflw; #35ch m - w W _‘ _ Pgflhfiflsfl Wfizizg hw¢_ , M _- . _ _._ _.. m___. m. _. m 4 7 _ _. W W; ...
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