HNF150_SP12_Exam_2_-_version_B_for_stude

HNF150_SP12_Exam_2_-_version_B_for_stude - HNF150 2012 Exam...

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Unformatted text preview: HNF150 2012 Exam 2 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ 1. Which of the following statements about Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) is TRUE? A. BMR is controlled by thyroxine. B. Taller people have a lower BMR. C. Lactating women have a lower BMR. D. Hot weather decreases BMR. 2. Vitamin E serves as: A. a coenzyme B. an antivitamin C. a free radical D. an antioxidant 3. Which does NOT function as an antioxidant? A. niacin B. vitamin C C. beta-carotene D. vitamin E 4. True/False: Night blindness is a symptom of vitamin K deficiency. A. True B. False 5. Which of the following could be added to Sarah’s meal of black beans, orange juice, and apple sauce to make a complete protein? A. kale B. orange juice C. garbanzo beans D. a pear E. whole wheat couscous 6. About how many amino acids exist? A. 13 B. 9 C. 7 D. 5 E. 20 7. Which process makes up the bulk of most people's need for calories? A. thermic effect of food B. physical activity C. basal metabolism D. sleeping E. voluntary activities 8. Having access to sufficient food for an active and healthy life by all people is known as . A. hunger B. food security C. food availability D. food insecurity 9. True/False: Hunger is NOT a problem in the United States because we are the wealthiest nation in the world. ____ 10. ____ 11. ____ 12. ____ 13. ____ 14. ____ 15. ____ 16. ____ 17. A. True B. False A person who is fasting will have a(n) Basal Metabolic Rate compared to normal. A. higher B. lower Fortificaiton of which vitamin has been shown to decrease the prevalence of certain types of birth defects? A. vitamin D B. vitamin C C. folate D. thiamin E. vitamin E Which is FALSE about the Thrifty Food Plan? A. It is the basis for the poverty line B. It sets the income requirement for the SNAP program C. It meets 50% of the RDA for all major nutrients D. It sets the income requirement for the WIC program Characteristics of water-soluble vitamins include all of the following EXCEPT: A. dissolve in water B. are stored extensively in tissues C. seldom reach toxic levels D. are easily absorbed and excreted All of the following are good food sources of vitamin C EXCEPT: A. strawberries B. low fat milk C. citrus fruits D. broccoli All of the following are possible consequences of food insecurity and hunger for children in the U.S. EXCEPT: A. decreased learning capacity B. behavioral problems C. increased succeptibility to sickness D. feelings of shame E. increased energy According to the movie we watched about the Minnesota Semi-Starvation Study, which of the following was NOT a symptom that the volunteers experienced during the semi-starvation period? A. Feeling cold even though it was summer B. Obsession with cookbooks and infatuation with food C. Increased sexual interest D. Edema The system our body uses for energy in the first 1-90 seconds and in activities such as hockey that need quick, forceful movements is . A. Ketosis B. Glycolysis C. Aerobic D. Anaerobic CORRECT ANSWER IS D. ALL ANSWERS GIVEN CREDIT B/C OF UNCLEAR WORDING. ____ 18. An elderly woman has had difficulty with digesting her foods because of reduced stomach acid, has had progressively worse nerve pain in her legs, and is now having difficulty walking. She may have a deficiency of which vitamin? A. vitamin C B. folate C. vitamin K D. vitamin B12 ____ 19. Which of the following is NOT one of the main functions of vitamin C? A. produces and maintains collagen B. promotes the absorption of iron C. promotes blood clotting D. protects against infections ____ 20. Which of the following foods contains Vitamin B12? A. chicken breast B. kale C. oranges D. popcorn E. potatoes ____ 21. Which food provides the highest amount of antioxidants per serving? A. Apples B. Yogurt C. Eggs D. Milk E. Chicken ____ 22. What type of eating behavior is "internally controlled" by hunger, appetite, and satiety? A. normal eating B. distorted eating C. restrained eating D. disordered eating ____ 23. Which level of food security does an individual have when one goes without food for over a day? A. marginal food security B. hunger C. marginal food insecurity D. very high food security E. food insecurity CORRECT ANSWER IS B. ALL ANSWERS GIVEN CREDIT B/C OF UNCLEAR WORDING. ____ 24. According to the video viewed in class (How To Get Fat Without Really Trying), the most subsidized food crop in America is , and most of this food is used in . A. Fruits & vegetables; juice B. Corn; high fructose corn syrup and animal feed C. Wheat; flour D. Vegetables; canned & frozen products ____ 25. A girl has stopped growing in height prematurely because her bones are not going through the remodeling process necessary for growth. This is most likely from a deficiency of which vitamin? A. vitamin C B. riboflavin C. thiamin D. vitamin E ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ E. vitamin A 26. What does the Set Point Theory hypothesize? A. There is a set amount of food one should eat and never exceed that amount. B. The body has a desired weight and works to defend that set weight. C. Dieting only works when you set certain goals for weight loss. D. The body wants a certain amount of food eat day, and the "set point" is when you are full. 27. Which of the following nutrients has the highest likelihood of causing toxicity? A. folate B. Vitamin A C. Thiamin D. Vitamin C E. riboflavin 28. Which of the following foods would contain the LEAST amount of antioxidants vitamins? A. wheat germ B. carrots C. roast beef D. spinach E. walnuts 29. The thiamin deficiency disease is known as: A. beriberi B. pellagra C. scurvy D. osteomalacia 30. True/False: Collard greens are rich in beta-carotene. A. True B. False 31. Leptin is a hormone produced by the adipose tissue that helps our bodies regulate energy balance. A. True B. False 32. Deficiencies of vitamins A, D, E, and K can result when a person has a disease that produces malabsorption of which nutrient? A. carbohydrate B. protein C. fat D. niacin E. folate 33. A doctor may check the blood level of which vitamin prior to surgery? A. Vitamin A B. Vitamin D C. Vitamin E D. Vitamin K 34. Pellagra is a deficiency disease of which vitamin? A. vitamin D B. riboflavin C. niacin D. thiamin E. vitamin B12 35. True/False: One reason why dehydration leads to poor athletic performance is because it increases your heart rate. ____ 36. ____ 37. ____ 38. ____ 39. ____ 40. ____ 41. ____ 42. ____ 43. ____ 44. A. True B. False In which organ does chemical digestion of protein begin? A. Stomach B. Small intestine C. Large intestine D. Pancreas E. Mouth Recurring episodes of binge eating combined with a morbid fear of becoming fat, usually followed by vomiting or purging, is referred to as which of the following? A. Anorexia Nervosa B. Bulimia Nervosa C. Binge Eating Disorder D. Generalized Eating Disorder You have a friend who has very little exposure to the sun and she consumes very few calcium-rich foods. In addition, she has a 2 year old child and 3 month old twins. Your friend is at very high risk for developing: A. beriberi B. rickets C. pellagra D. osteomalacia True/False: An athlete consumes large amounts of meat in an effort to build extra muscle tissue. This practice does not work because the body has no place to store extra amino acids. A. True B. False Which of the following would provide the highest amount of vitamin E per serving? A. fruit salad with oranges and grapes B. a grilled pork chop C. white toast with strawberry jam D. whole milk E. a green lettuce salad with sunflower oil and vinegar Rickets can occur in children who are deficient in what vitamin? A. Vitamin A B. Vitamin D C. Vitamin E D. Vitamin K E. Vitamin B6 Which activity is NOT included in the BMR category of energy expenditure? A. digestion of food B. tissue repair C. body temperature maintenance D. growth E. urine production Which fat-soluble vitamin is important for vision, immune system function, maintenance of body linings/skin, and bone growth? A. Vitamin A B. Vitamin C C. Vitamin D D. Vitamin E The B vitamins act as part of: ____ 45. ____ 46. ____ 47. ____ 48. ____ 49. ____ 50. A. coenzymes B. intrinsic factors C. anticoagulants D. antibodies Which of the following would provide the highest amount of vitamin E? A. wheat germ B. oranges C. fried chicken D. spinach In the experiments with marathon runners and cyclists, both groups had better endurance when they were eating a diet. A. high protein B. high fat C. high carbohydrate D. low water Why might dieting cause someone to gain weight? A. Dieting causes the body to increase leptin production. B. Dieting causes the body to store less fat. C. Dieting causes basal metabolism to speed up. D. Dieting reduces one’s ability to listen to internal hunger and can cause binge eating. A non-food source from which vitamin K can be obtained is: A. sunlight B. intestinal bacteria C. antibiotics D. tanning salons What is the consequence if an essential amino acid is missing in the diet? A. The body will substitute sugars in place of the missing amino acid. B. The body will stop making some needed proteins. C. The body will substitute a nonessential amino acid in place of the missing amino acid. D. Needed proteins will be made using another amino acid in place of the missing one. What is the term that describes the psychological desire to eat? A. hunger B. appetite C. satiety D. satiation E. obesity ...
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