HNF150_SP12_Exam_2_-_version_D_for_stude - HNF150 2012 Exam...

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Unformatted text preview: HNF150 2012 Exam 2 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ 1. Which activity is NOT included in the BMR category of energy expenditure? A. urine production B. growth C. body temperature maintenance D. digestion of food E. tissue repair 2. Which of the following would provide the highest amount of vitamin E per serving? A. whole milk B. white toast with strawberry jam C. a grilled pork chop D. fruit salad with oranges and grapes E. a green lettuce salad with sunflower oil and vinegar 3. You have a friend who has very little exposure to the sun and she consumes very few calcium-rich foods. In addition, she has a 2 year old child and 3 month old twins. Your friend is at very high risk for developing: A. pellagra B. beriberi C. rickets D. osteomalacia 4. What is the consequence if an essential amino acid is missing in the diet? A. Needed proteins will be made using another amino acid in place of the missing one. B. The body will substitute a nonessential amino acid in place of the missing amino acid. C. The body will stop making some needed proteins. D. The body will substitute sugars in place of the missing amino acid. 5. True/False: One reason why dehydration leads to poor athletic performance is because it increases your heart rate. A. True B. False 6. Pellagra is a deficiency disease of which vitamin? A. riboflavin B. niacin C. vitamin B12 D. thiamin E. vitamin D 7. In the experiments with marathon runners and cyclists, both groups had better endurance when they were eating a diet. A. high protein B. high fat C. high carbohydrate D. low water 8. True/False: Collard greens are rich in beta-carotene. A. True B. False 9. Which of the following is NOT one of the main functions of vitamin C? ____ 10. ____ 11. ____ 12. ____ 13. ____ 14. ____ 15. ____ 16. ____ 17. A. produces and maintains collagen B. promotes the absorption of iron C. promotes blood clotting D. protects against infections What type of eating behavior is "internally controlled" by hunger, appetite, and satiety? A. normal eating B. distorted eating C. restrained eating D. disordered eating Which is FALSE about the Thrifty Food Plan? A. It sets the income requirement for the SNAP program B. It meets 50% of the RDA for all major nutrients C. It is the basis for the poverty line D. It sets the income requirement for the WIC program Which food provides the highest amount of antioxidants per serving? A. Apples B. Yogurt C. Eggs D. Milk E. Chicken A doctor may check the blood level of which vitamin prior to surgery? A. Vitamin A B. Vitamin D C. Vitamin E D. Vitamin K Fortificaiton of which vitamin has been shown to decrease the prevalence of certain types of birth defects? A. vitamin E B. thiamin C. folate D. vitamin D E. vitamin C In which organ does chemical digestion of protein begin? A. Large intestine B. Small intestine C. Pancreas D. Stomach E. Mouth All of the following are good food sources of vitamin C EXCEPT: A. low fat milk B. broccoli C. citrus fruits D. strawberries An elderly woman has had difficulty with digesting her foods because of reduced stomach acid, has had progressively worse nerve pain in her legs, and is now having difficulty walking. She may have a deficiency of which vitamin? A. folate B. vitamin B12 C. vitamin C D. vitamin K ____ 18. Which process makes up the bulk of most people's need for calories? A. basal metabolism B. thermic effect of food C. physical activity D. sleeping E. voluntary activities ____ 19. Why might dieting cause someone to gain weight? A. Dieting causes the body to increase leptin production. B. Dieting causes basal metabolism to speed up. C. Dieting reduces one’s ability to listen to internal hunger and can cause binge eating. D. Dieting causes the body to store less fat. ____ 20. Which of the following could be added to Sarah’s meal of black beans, orange juice, and apple sauce to make a complete protein? A. whole wheat couscous B. a pear C. kale D. orange juice E. garbanzo beans ____ 21. Deficiencies of vitamins A, D, E, and K can result when a person has a disease that produces malabsorption of which nutrient? A. carbohydrate B. protein C. fat D. niacin E. folate ____ 22. What does the Set Point Theory hypothesize? A. There is a set amount of food one should eat and never exceed that amount. B. The body has a desired weight and works to defend that set weight. C. Dieting only works when you set certain goals for weight loss. D. The body wants a certain amount of food eat day, and the "set point" is when you are full. ____ 23. Which of the following would provide the highest amount of vitamin E? A. oranges B. fried chicken C. wheat germ D. spinach ____ 24. The thiamin deficiency disease is known as: A. scurvy B. beriberi C. osteomalacia D. pellagra ____ 25. About how many amino acids exist? A. 5 B. 20 C. 7 D. 9 E. 13 ____ 26. Vitamin E serves as: A. a coenzyme B. an antioxidant ____ 27. ____ 28. ____ 29. ____ 30. ____ 31. ____ 32. ____ 33. C. an antivitamin D. a free radical All of the following are possible consequences of food insecurity and hunger for children in the U.S. EXCEPT: A. decreased learning capacity B. behavioral problems C. increased succeptibility to sickness D. feelings of shame E. increased energy What is the term that describes the psychological desire to eat? A. satiety B. hunger C. appetite D. obesity E. satiation Characteristics of water-soluble vitamins include all of the following EXCEPT: A. are easily absorbed and excreted B. are stored extensively in tissues C. dissolve in water D. seldom reach toxic levels According to the video viewed in class (How To Get Fat Without Really Trying), the most subsidized food crop in America is , and most of this food is used in . A. Fruits & vegetables; juice B. Corn; high fructose corn syrup and animal feed C. Wheat; flour D. Vegetables; canned & frozen products True/False: Hunger is NOT a problem in the United States because we are the wealthiest nation in the world. A. True B. False Recurring episodes of binge eating combined with a morbid fear of becoming fat, usually followed by vomiting or purging, is referred to as which of the following? A. Anorexia Nervosa B. Bulimia Nervosa C. Binge Eating Disorder D. Generalized Eating Disorder A non-food source from which vitamin K can be obtained is: A. sunlight B. intestinal bacteria C. antibiotics D. tanning salons ____ 34. Which of the following foods would contain the LEAST amount of antioxidants vitamins? A. wheat germ B. roast beef C. carrots D. walnuts E. spinach ____ 35. According to the movie we watched about the Minnesota Semi-Starvation Study, which of the following was NOT a symptom that the volunteers experienced during the semi-starvation period? A. Feeling cold even though it was summer ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ B. Obsession with cookbooks and infatuation with food C. Increased sexual interest D. Edema 36. Which fat-soluble vitamin is important for vision, immune system function, maintenance of body linings/skin, and bone growth? A. Vitamin A B. Vitamin C C. Vitamin D D. Vitamin E 37. Which of the following nutrients has the highest likelihood of causing toxicity? A. Vitamin A B. folate C. Vitamin C D. Thiamin E. riboflavin 38. Which of the following statements about Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) is TRUE? A. BMR is controlled by thyroxine. B. Taller people have a lower BMR. C. Lactating women have a lower BMR. D. Hot weather decreases BMR. 39. The system our body uses for energy in the first 1-90 seconds and in activities such as hockey that need quick, forceful movements is . A. Ketosis B. Glycolysis C. Aerobic D. Anaerobic CORRECT ANSWER IS D. ALL ANSWERS GIVEN CREDIT B/C OF UNCLEAR WORDING. 40. Rickets can occur in children who are deficient in what vitamin? A. Vitamin A B. Vitamin D C. Vitamin E D. Vitamin K E. Vitamin B6 41. True/False: Night blindness is a symptom of vitamin K deficiency. A. True B. False 42. Having access to sufficient food for an active and healthy life by all people is known as . A. hunger B. food security C. food availability D. food insecurity 43. A person who is fasting will have a(n) Basal Metabolic Rate compared to normal. A. lower B. higher 44. Which level of food security does an individual have when one goes without food for over a day? A. very high food security B. marginal food security C. food insecurity D. marginal food insecurity E. Hunger CORRECT ANSWER IS E. ALL ANSWERS GIVEN CREDIT B/C OF UNCLEAR WORDING. ____ 45. Leptin is a hormone produced by the adipose tissue that helps our bodies regulate energy balance. A. True B. False ____ 46. True/False: An athlete consumes large amounts of meat in an effort to build extra muscle tissue. This practice does not work because the body has no place to store extra amino acids. A. True B. False ____ 47. Which does NOT function as an antioxidant? A. beta-carotene B. niacin C. vitamin C D. vitamin E ____ 48. Which of the following foods contains Vitamin B12? A. chicken breast B. potatoes C. oranges D. popcorn E. kale ____ 49. A girl has stopped growing in height prematurely because her bones are not going through the remodeling process necessary for growth. This is most likely from a deficiency of which vitamin? A. riboflavin B. vitamin E C. thiamin D. vitamin A E. vitamin C ____ 50. The B vitamins act as part of: A. intrinsic factors B. coenzymes C. antibodies D. anticoagulants ...
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