ISS exam 1 review - Review Sheet for Exam 1 FS11(Chapter...

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Review Sheet for Exam 1 FS11 1. Be familiar with the big questions (and answers) and the definition of key terms listed at the end of each chapter. 2. People : Hutton - Geologist, Uniformitarianism: processes that were at work in the geologic past are still at work today. The earth is older Mendel- Augustinian monk, Research on garden peas, Explained how inheritance occurs traits are passed on as discrete, units we now call these units genes, known today as Mendelian genetics. In his observation of the plants, Mendel concluded that a discrete physical unit was responsible for transmission of traits (now called a gene) Mendel also discovered that the traits in the pea plants did not blend plants were either tall or short a 3:1 ratio (e.g. tall:short) for traits Hardy- independently found that some alleles are in equilibrium Conditions for equilibrium 1. No mutation 2. No natural selection 3. No gene flow 4. Large population 5. Random mating 6. Members of the population produce the same number of offspring Lyell - Geologist, Uniformitarianism: processes that were at work in the geologic past are still at work today. The earth is older Linnaeus – taxonomist, System of classification of life-forms, developed Binomial nomenclature (two-name system) genus = Homo species = sapiens Still assumed “fixity of species” and the hierarchy of species BUT, had the idea of classifying species according to the “degree of relationship ” between them (Big contribution) Darwin- observed physical differences (variation) between and among members of species of plants and animals. He realized that the variations in physical traits may be adaptations to a given environment. Creator of Social Darwinism (survival of the fittest). Traveled to the Galapagos Islands, and published books but not about evolution Franklin- clarified the structure of DNA
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Hooke- paleontologist, used microscope, said fossils represent past life-forms Malthus- developed the concept of characteristics for survival If unchecked the human population would increase geometrically and indefinitely Human population sizes are limited by food supplies Those who can successfully compete for food survive Wallace- Came to the same conclusion about how evolution occurred Spoke to Darwin, the two men presented the theory together in 1858 Darwin published On the Origin of Species in 1859 Watson- clarified the structure of DNA Morgan was a pioneering American anthropologist and social theorist, a railroad lawyer and capitalist . He is best known for his work on kinship and social structure, his theories of social evolution , and his ethnography of the Iroquois . Interested in what holds societies together, he proposed the concept that the earliest human domestic institution was the matrilineal clan , not the patriarchal family; the idea was accepted by most pre-historians and anthropologists throughout the late nineteenth century. Weinberg-
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ISS exam 1 review - Review Sheet for Exam 1 FS11(Chapter...

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