ISS 220 Exam 2 Review - Exam 2 Review Sheet FS11 Modern...

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Exam 2 Review Sheet FS11 Modern Human Variation the biological basis, or the lack of a biological basis , for the concept of human “races” clines, discordance, concordance why human variation exists life history stages in humans and key characteristics cultural, physiological, developmental and genetic adaptations environmental factors and how they affect human variation specifically: o temperature o altitude o solar radiation o disease (malaria) Bergman’s rule; Allen’s rule characteristics of human skin, including how it is able to respond to temperature and UVR melanocytes and melanin folate and DNA synthesis; reproductive implications of folate deficiency/loss vitamin D and bone formation; rickets association of UVR exposure and skin color; global distribution of skin color B.M.R. thrifty geno hypothesis; fetal origins hypothesis Primates 3 points about what all primates have in common general anatomical characteristics of primates including: o prehensile hands and feet; friction skin; nails instead of claws o presence of clavicles; vertical body plans; flexible limb joints o increased reliance on vision (and what is involved in this) o presence of a post-orbital bar or complete enclosure of the eye socket o de-emphasis on smell (and what is involved in this) o tendency towards brain complexity and expansion o generalized dental plan (and what is involved in this) o two types of molars; enamel thickness o diastema, honing complex, sectorial premolar types of locomotion primate classification o be familiar with the chart of primate classification o know how to distinguish prosimians from anthropoids o know how to distinguish Platyrrhini from Catarrhini (i.e. nostrils) o know now to distinguish monkeys from apes anatomical, dietary locomotive, and other special characteristics of: o prosimians lemurs, lorises, tarsiers o new world monkeys cebids, atelids o old world monkeys colobines, cercopithecines 1
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o apes gibbons and siamangs, orangutans, gorillas, chimpanzees and bonobos, humans
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2012 for the course ISS 220 taught by Professor Bailey during the Fall '08 term at Michigan State University.

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ISS 220 Exam 2 Review - Exam 2 Review Sheet FS11 Modern...

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