PLS 100 Review sheet

PLS 100 Review sheet - Constitution (Chapter 2) What does a...

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Constitution (Chapter 2) What does a constitution restrict? o The power of kings from absolute power Why is the Magna Carta important? o Base of the constitution What is a King? o Absolute authority over all subjects as dictate by god—the one who speaks to god for the people. Usually a priest serves as a go between. Difference between civil, criminal law, and constitutional law. o Civil-deals with the disputes between individual, organizations or between the two in which compensation is awarded to the victim o Criminal (penal)—is the body of statutory and common law that deals with crime and legal punishment of criminal offenses—these laws are assumed to deal with commoners o Constitutional-are assumed to be the supreme laws beyond reproach (law that affect the relationship between kings and common people) our fundamental rights as citizens What is the difference between the three government types: monarchies, aristocracies and democracies? o Monarchy-ruled by one o Aristocracy-ruled by few o Democracy-ruled by many What is a representative democracy? o Not a pure democracy. We elect leaders to vote on issues rather than every individual Which country has the oldest written constitution? o United states How did George Washington feel about the constitution? o He felt it would only last 20 years What is the Declaration of Independence? o Complaints against the king and a desire to own private property What type of government was created under the articles of confederation? o One with a congress of the confederation s the central governing body with a unicameral legislation created a weak nation gov and strong state gov What was a major problem with this type of government? o No executive branch What were 3 problems cited in lecture that prompted the elites to seek a new constitution? o Shays rebellion (revolt over heavy taxes and debts) o Bickering among the states over taxes o States coined their own $$$ Who were the minority and who were the majority?
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o Majority—commoners or small farmers o Minority—the wealthy or plantation owners What type of government did the minority want? o Strong national gov What are three things the founders did in terms of the king, religion and private property? o Replaces the king with representatives o Transferred religious commitment to commitment of the state(nationalism) o Enacted safeguards for the protection of pricate property(minorities) What were the differences between the Virginia plan, New Jersey plan and the Connecticut compromise? o
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PLS 100 Review sheet - Constitution (Chapter 2) What does a...

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