PLS 100 Exam 2 Review

PLS 100 Exam 2 Review - Civil Rights In terms of...

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Civil Rights In terms of Kings/Slaves when does civil rights occur? o Kings possesses slaves(no CR), king declares slaves free(CR), king declares all commoners(non slaves, and former slaves) equal to compete or limited resources. If a King is committed to equality then what 3 things must happen? o No rules should be biased o Compensation to make up for past inequality o Needs boast to make competitive in terms of economic/social equality Is there preferential treatment in terms of race, ethnicity and gender, around the world? o yes What is the difference between the 13th, 14th, 15th amendments? o 13 th —freed slaves o 14 th —due process clause—equal protection clause (states cannot discriminate against individual groups) o 15 th —voting rights for all adult men—CR refers to the rights of all Americans to equal treatment under the law as provided by the 14 th amendment What does civil rights refer to? o The first ten amendments to the constitution After the civil war what was the party of the North and the party of the South? o Democratic-Party of the South (confederate) o Republican- party of the north (Lincolns) What did the 1st and 2nd civil rights do? o 1 st -1866 gave blacks full equality before the law and gave the national government enforcement power. Anyone born in the US is a citizen o 2 nd -1875 everyone is entitled to full and equal enjoyment of public accommodations—theater, and other places of public amusement. What were the issues surrounding the compromise of 1877? o The election of 1876 pitted Samuel Tilden (Dem. From south) against Rutherford Hayes (rep. from north)—the south allowed Hayes to win the election if he would remove the northern troops from the south which legalized segregation in the south. What did Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) do? o The separate but equal doctrine legalized segregation in the south—the court argued that segregation alone didn’t violate the 14 th amendment as long as facilities are equal. What is the difference between De jure and De Facto segregation? o De Jure—Jim Crow Laws—segregation in public accommodations. o De Facto—occurs because of past social and economic conditions and residential patterns this remains today What were the five barriers to voting (or voting rights curtailed)?
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o Grandfather Clause—if your grandfather couldn’t vote, you couldn’t. o White primaries—African American’s not allowed to vote in democratic primaries, but could voted in republican o Poll taxes o Literacy test o Property qualifications—one problem is granting voting rights and handling elections is the authority of the states not the federal government. To combat these laws blacks under NAACP used a judicial strategy
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2012 for the course PLS 100 taught by Professor Thornton during the Fall '07 term at Michigan State University.

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PLS 100 Exam 2 Review - Civil Rights In terms of...

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