Exam 4 Review - Political Parties What are political...

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Political Parties What are political parties? o A group if individuals outside the government who organize to win elections, operate the gov and determine policy What do political parties do? o Recruit and nominate candidates for political office o Coordinate policy among the various branches and levels of gov o The “out party” acts as a watchdog on the party in power o Run campaigns including nominating conventions Strong Parties o Almost the rest of the world What is the responsible party model? o Whichever party wins a national election has control over the government How is the leader of a strong party system elected (i.e., Prime Minister in Britain) o The president What is party discipline? o Control—to run for office the party must approve it. Members must vote party line or they could lose their seats What is a party list? o Determines who can run in what district Are members of parliament allowed to hold positions in the bureaucracy? o Yes, members often have jobs in the gov (bureaucracy), if they don’t support the party they could lose their jobs. Who controls policy? Weak parties o 2 party system—considered weak because: Anyone can run for office as a democrat or republican No real discipline mechanisms (candidates for the most part raise their own $) Elected officials don’t hold jobs in the bureaucracy (gov) Party affiliation: to be a member of a political party one only thinks of themselves as a democrat of republican What is a divided government? o When one party controls one institution (executive/senate/house) What does the donkey and the elephant represent? o Donkey=Democrats o Elephants=republicans What is the difference between SMD and PR? o PR (proportional representation)—most multiparty systems use this where seats are awarded in a legislature based on the proportion of votes a party gets o SMD (single member district)—winner take all elections (or plurality election) result in 2 parties What is a coalitional government?
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o When party A and party B join forces and create a majority What is Duverger s law? o SMD (single member district)—winner take all elections (or plurality election) result in 2 parties What are the classic differences between the Democrats and Republicans? o There is very little difference in policy because parties tend to appeal to the median voter or centralist which are usually moderate reps or dems o No difference in economic policy but social o Democrats—national rights, increased taxes, growth of gov, social programs, doves, more env. Regulation, same sex marriages, pro-choice, gun rights limited, o Republicans—state rights, lower taxes, limited gov, cut social programs, hawks, less environmental regulation, no gay marriage, pro-life, no restrictions on gun rights.
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2012 for the course PLS 100 taught by Professor Thornton during the Fall '07 term at Michigan State University.

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Exam 4 Review - Political Parties What are political...

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