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Unformatted text preview: SOC 100:002 STUDY GUIDE FOR EXAM #1 TERMS/CONCEPTS TO KNOW: Sociology: the systematic study of human society has on people, attitudes, and behavior and the way in which people interact and shape society. Culture: the totality of our shared language, knowledge, material objects, and behavior Applied sociology vs. clinical sociology: Applied= the use of the discipline of sociology with the specific intent of yielding practical applications for human behavior and organizations. Clinical= the use of the discipline of sociology with the specific intent of altering social relationships or restructuring social institution. Theory: in sociology a set of statements that seeks to explain problems, actions, or behavior. Socialization: the lifelong process through which people learn the attitudes, values, and behaviors appropriate for members of a particular culture. Agents of socialization: Family=nurturing in early childhood/race and class School=gender/ learning Peer groups= anticipatory socialization Mass media= TV viewing (politics, violence) Religion Meads concept of the self: central concept is the "self," which is "the part of an individual's personality composed of self-awareness and self-image." He divides it into three different parts. First, "the self develops only with social experience." The "self" is by no means physical, and therefore, does not exist at birth, and is only developed through interaction with others. "Self" would not grow without human interaction. Second, Mead explains, "social experience is the exchange of symbols." Only humans attach meanings to their actions; they determine the meanings of others' actions by trying to understand their intentions. Third, understanding intention requires imagining a situation from the other's point of view". We are able to take the role of another and view ourselves the way they do. Mead also states, "by taking the role of another, we become ourselves the way they do....
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- Winter '08