Arguments - Philosophical Arguments The Basics What is an...

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Philosophical Arguments The Basics
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What is an Argument? An argument is the basic unit of reasoning. It is a set of statements, one or more of which, called “premises,” are offered in support of another statement, called the “conclusion.” The simplest arguments have one premise offered in support of one conclusion.
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What is an Argument? From this example, notice that a statement is not the same thing as a sentence . The argument given here consists of one sentence but two statements. Ex. The same argument can be recast in two sentences: “The experts tell us that this office building is not safe. Therefore we should demolish it.”
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Assertions vs. Arguments Assertions: An assertion is simply a claim or a statement. “It’s dangerous to drink and drive.” “LoJacking truant students is unacceptable.” Unsupported claims are NOT arguments! We have not argued for a statement unless we have offered at least one
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Identifying Arguments Before we can evaluate arguments, we must be able to identify them as arguments when we encounter them. There are two keys to identifying arguments: (1) Keep firmly in mind just what an argument is: a set of statements in which, one or more, called “premises,” are offered in support of another statement, called the “conclusion.”
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Arguments - Philosophical Arguments The Basics What is an...

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