Chapter 6 - 1 Lecture Slides- Essentials of Sociology...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Lecture Slides- Essentials of Sociology Anthony Giddens Mitchell Duneier Richard Appelbaum Slides created by Dr. Huei-Hsia Wu Boise State University 2 Outline Social Groups Networks Organizations Theories of Organizations Beyond Bureaucracy? Organizations That Span the World How Do Groups and Organizations Affect Your Life? 3 Chapter 5 Groups, Networks & Modern Organizations 4 In-group Out-group Characteristics of social groups 5 Primary group Secondary group Reference group 6 SOCIAL GROUPS Group size is an important factor in group dynamics. Although their intensity may diminish, larger groups tend to be more stable than smaller groups of two ( dyads ) or three ( triads ). Groups of more than a dozen or so people usually develop a formal structure. 7 Group size Dyads: a group with two members Triads: a group with three members 8 9 10 SOCIAL GROUPS Social aggregate 11 Leaders Transactional leader: having members get the job done Transformational leader: changing the nature of the group 12 13 Conformity Research-Asch's study (1952) In the Asch task, participants were shown a standard line (left) and then three comparison lines. Their task was simply to say which of the three lines matched the standard. When confederates gave false answers first, three-quarters of participants conformed by giving the wrong answer.-Milgram's research (1963) shows that ordinary people will conform to orders given by someone in a position of power or authority, even if those orders have horrible consequences. 14 Conformity Research G ROU PTH I N K A N D G ROU P PR E SS U R E S TO CON FORM: Irving L. Janis (1972, 1989; Janis and Mann 1977) called members of a group ignore ways of thinking and plans of action that go against the group consensus. Not only does groupthink frequently embarrass potential dissenters into conforming but it can also produce a shift in perceptions 15 Networks Networks constitute a broad source of relationships, direct and indirect, including connections that may be extremely important in...
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Chapter 6 - 1 Lecture Slides- Essentials of Sociology...

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