Chapter 6 - AnthonyGiddens MitchellDuneier RichardAppelbaum...

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1 Lecture  Slides-  Essentials of Sociology Anthony Giddens Mitchell Duneier Richard Appelbaum Slides created by      Dr. Huei-Hsia Wu Boise State University
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2 Outline  ü Social Groups ü Networks ü Organizations ü Theories of Organizations ü Beyond Bureaucracy? ü Organizations That Span the World ü How Do Groups and Organizations Affect ü Your Life?
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3 Chapter 5 Groups, Networks & Modern Organizations
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4 In-group  Out-group Characteristics of social groups
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5 Primary group Secondary group Reference group
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6 SOCIAL GROUPS  Group size is an important factor in group  dynamics.  Although their intensity may diminish, larger  groups tend to be more stable than smaller  groups of two (  dyads  ) or three (  triads  ). Groups of more than a dozen or so people  usually develop a formal structure. 
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7 Group size Dyads: a group with two members Triads: a group with three members
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10 SOCIAL GROUPS Social aggregate
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11 Leaders Transactional leader: having members get the  job done Transformational leader: changing the nature of  the group
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12
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13 Conformity Research -Asch's study (1952)  In the Asch task, participants were shown a standard  line (left) and then three comparison lines. Their task was simply to say which of the three lines matched the standard. When confederates gave false answers first, three-quarters of participants conformed by giving the wrong answer. -Milgram's research (1963) shows that ordinary people  will conform to orders given by someone in a position  of power or authority, even if those orders have horrible  consequences.
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14 Conformity Research G ROU PTH I N K A N D G ROU P PR E SS U R E S TO CON FORM: Irving L. Janis (1972, 1989; Janis and Mann 1977)  called members of a group ignore ways of thinking and  plans of action that go against the group consensus. Not  only does groupthink frequently embarrass potential  dissenters into conforming but it can also produce a shift in  perceptions
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15 Networks  Networks  constitute a broad source of  relationships, direct and indirect, including  connections that may be extremely important in  business and politics. 
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