Theoretical Paradigms about Sociology

Theoretical Paradigms about Sociology - it- STRUCTURAL...

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Unformatted text preview: it- STRUCTURAL FUNCTIONALISM ARGUMENT: SOCIETY IS A STRUCTURE OF INTERDEPENDENT PARTS MOVING TOWARDS EQUILIBRIUM ASSUMPTIONS: - - SOCIETY IS AN ORDERLY UNIT ELEMENTS ARE RELATED EACH ELEMENT HAS A FUNCTION VALUE CONSENSUS EVALUATION: + LOOKS AT THE STABLE SIDE OF SOCIETY - NEGLECTS ANALYSIS OF SOCIAL CONFLICT - OFFERS A CONSERVATIVE VIEW OF STATUS QUO EXAMPLE: CRIME IS FUNCTIONAL. IT INTEGRATES SOCIETY. CONFLICT ARGUMENT: SOCIETY IS AN ARENA OF CONFLICT DUE TO INEQUALITY AND CHANGE ASSUMPTIONS: - SOCIETY IS A UNIT OF UNEQUAL PARTS EACH ELEMENT CONTRIBUTES TO CONFLICT CHANGE IS UBIQUITOUS BENEFITS AND CONSTRAINTS VARY AMONG ELEMENTS EVALUATION: + LOOKS AT INEQUALITY - NEGLECTS SHARED VALUES AND INTERDEPENDENCE - OFFERS A RADICAL VIEW OF SOCIETY - QUESTIONABLE SCIENTIFIC OBJECTIVITY EXAMPLE: CRIME IS A LABEL GIVEN BY THE MORE POWERFUL TO THE LESS POWERFUL INDIVIDUALSIGROUPS SYMBOLIC INTERACTION ARGUMENT: SOCIETY IS THE PRODUCT OF EVERYDAY INDIVIDUALS' INTERACTION ASSUMPTIONS: - PEOPLE DEFINE REALITY ON THE BASIS OF SYMBOLS WITH SHARED MEANING - PEOPLE DEFINE SITUATIONS IN A VARYING WAY - - INTERACTIONS CHANGE INTERACTIONS ARE UNEQUAL EVALUATION: + STRESSES SOCIETY AS THE EXPERIENCE OF INDIVIDUALS - NEGLECTS THE INFLUENCE OF LARGER SOCIAL STRUCTURES EXAMPLE: CRIME IS DEFINED BY SOCIAL REACTION RATHER THAN BY THE ACT ITSELF ...
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Theoretical Paradigms about Sociology - it- STRUCTURAL...

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