Unformatted text preview: Adolescent Development Psychology 338
The School Context The Industrial Revolution and School Structure Compulsory education becomes law of the land. Structured education is no longer the privilege of the wealthy, but a right afforded to all adolescents. Comprehensive high schools are development to meet the educational needs of the masses. Social Unrest, Alienation, and the Aftermath of the Vietnam War In aftermath of the upheaval of the 1960s, schools are modified to decrease adolescent alienation, and are asked to prepare adolescents for a role in society. Adolescents are given more and more say in their education. The open classroom movement emerges. Open classrooms are based on the European system, with education allowed to proceed at an Impact of the Open School Movement The movement toward more open schools of the 1970's proves to be an educational failure. Dropout rates climb, standardized test score drop American children fall behind children in other countries on most measures of achievement The BacktoBasics Movement in Education Backtobasics movement is established. Schools are discouraged from taking an active role in socialization. Instead, education is more structured, emphasizing reading, mathematics, history, and sciences. Impact of the Secular Trend Until the 1980's, primary school included children from kindergarten age to 11 or 12 years of age. Because of secular trend, children at markedly different stages of biological development are in the same school building. Typical pre1980's Structure: Elementary school (Kindergarten 5th or 6th grade) Junior High school (7th grade to 9th grade) High school (10th grade up) New School Structures
Elementary school (Kindergarten 4th or 5th grade) Middle School (5th or 6th grade to 8th grade) High school (9th or 10th grade up) Advantages/Disadvantages of Large Schools Large schools tend to offer resources and opportunities for specialized programming. Large schools also tend to be relatively diverse. But, students feel more alienated and disconnected. There is less of a sense of unified community. The Forgotten Half More and more adolescents are pursuing college degrees. Increasingly, a college degree is required for entry into any career path. The is also a growing emphasis on graduate training. What happens to the "forgotten half" (i.e., those adolescents who do not pursue college degrees)? ...
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- Spring '07
- Psychology, Open School Movement