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CTCS 190 Film Reader Notes Week 8-14

CTCS 190 Film Reader Notes Week 8-14 - CTCS 190 Film Reader...

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CTCS 190 Film Reader Notes Week 8: Modes of Representation: Realism & Formalism Realist Filmmaking - Primitive Realism/Photojournalism o First school of realism o Started placing camera (5 th row center in theater) to record the reality of movement as a spatial-temporal whole o Ex) The Arrival of a Train at the Station, 1985, Lumiere Brothers - Naturalism o Image of man is determined by heredity, instinct, and environment o Surface details + below-the-surface details - Hollywood’s Classical Realism/Hollywood “Romantic-Idealist” Realism o 1929-1945 o Transparency: immersing the spectator in the characters and their situations and thus accepting them as real o World is “larger than life” and idealized Good vs. evil Triumph of good God is real World is meaningful Every conflict resolves Social order/Status quo is reinforced at the end (patriarchal capitalism) Happy Ending - Hollywood Social Realism o Sub-form of Classical Realism o Awakening of social consciousness in America during the Depression o A proletarian, nitty-gritty quality o Centers on interaction of the individual within social institutions o Cynical towards social institutions o Protagonist is a common man, who is a worker or society’s loser o Smart, tough dialogue o Actors that have “average” looks o A Tree Grows in Brooklyn - French Poetic Realism o Blend of realism and lyricism in the French cinema o Focused on the stress and sadness of France during the Depression and encroaching fascism and WWII o Focus on working class, against class politics and modern industrialization o Highly realistic details - Italian Neo-Realism
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o Post WWII o Concerned for the people of Italy, especially working and unemployed classes as they try to recuperate from the war o Reality of the streets o Exposing problems, while urging that something be done about them - English Free Cinema/Proletarian Realism o Commercial filmmaking in England o Focus on the common man that reflected the whole British isle o Scoffing at the status quo - Theatrical Realism o Emphasis on the character (rather than plot) and its delineation in terms of age, looks, gender, ethnicity, religion, race, class, regionality, dream life, the past, sexuality, work, recreation, and especially family resulting in a character complexity and bringing to the fore the anti-hero/heroine. o Dialogue reflects a respective class and region o Regional setting is distinctive o Method acting: reasoned, intelligent wherein characters become internalized o Studio shot/location work o Deglamorizing costume, hairstyle and makeup - Documentary Realism and the Non-Fiction and Fiction Film (Film Noir) o The depiction of events that have actually happened o Does not use professional actors and stars o Shot on location o Presents supporting evidence/documence o Includes voice over narrator o Filmmaking technique varies o Used to teach, not just inform, and persuade, not just communicate - Dogme95 (Dogma ’95) o
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