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3_12_08 - Boarding School saying"Kill the Indian to save...

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3/12/08 Boarding School saying: “Kill the Indian to save the child”: destroyed cultural identity Cut hair, change names, language, clothing Rez system: Each treaty shrank their territory Railroad Companies: Advertised “free land” near the railroads; sent ads abroad Gov’t grant of 25 miles of land extending on either side of the rails (50 mi total) New settlers became “buffer zone” between railroads and Indians Important Acts Dawes Act 1889: Individualized land ownership on the rez Designed not to work; slowly bled land from reservations Indians were given land to farm; they saw it as a downgrade from hunting Saying: “Would you have me tear my mother’s breast?” o Saw farming as violent Indian Reorganization Act (IRA) 1934 Land was still in Indians’ name, but held “in trust” by the gov’t Land cannot be sold/used as collateral o In an attempt to stop catastrophic loss of land caused by Dawes Act Also organized new tribal politics: Democratic o
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