personality - Personality Personality

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Personality
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Personality An individual’s characteristic pattern of thinking,  feeling, and acting. Each dwarf has a distinct personality.
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Psychoanalytic Perspective In his clinical practice,  Freud encountered  patients suffering from  nervous disorders. Their  complaints could not be  explained in terms of  purely physical causes. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) C u l v e r P i c t s
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Psychodynamic Perspective Freud’s clinical  experience led him to  develop the first  comprehensive theory of  personality, which  included the  unconscious  mind psychosexual  stages,   and  defense  mechanisms. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) C u l v e r P i c t s
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Exploring the Unconscious A reservoir ( unconscious mind ) of mostly  unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and  memories. Freud asked patients to say whatever came  to their minds ( free association ) in order to tap the  unconscious. h t p : / w . e n g l i s u d
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Psychoanalysis The process of free  association (chain of  thoughts) leads to painful,  embarrassing unconscious  memories. Once these  memories are retrieved and  released ( treatment:  psychoanalysis ) the patient  feels better.
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Model of Mind
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Personality Structure Personality develops as a result of our efforts to resolve  conflicts between our biological impulses (id) and  social restraints (superego).
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Id, Ego and Superego The  Id  unconsciously strives to satisfy basic sexual  and aggressive drives, operating on the pleasure  principle, demanding immediate gratification. The  ego  functions as the “executive” and mediates  the demands of the id and superego. The  superego  provides standards for judgment (the  conscience) and for future aspirations.
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Personality Development Freud believed that personality formed during the  first few years of life divided into  psychosexual  stages . During these stages the id’s pleasure-seeking  energies focus on pleasure sensitive body areas  called  erogenous zones .
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Psychosexual Stages
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Defense Mechanisms The ego’s protective methods of reducing anxiety by  unconsciously distorting reality. 1. Repression   banishes anxiety-arousing thoughts,  feelings, and memories from consciousness. 2. Regression  leads an individual faced with  anxiety to retreat to a more infantile  psychosexual stage.
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Defense Mechanisms 3. Reaction Formation  causes the ego to  unconsciously switch unacceptable impulses  into their opposites. People may express feelings  of purity when they may be suffering anxiety  from unconscious feelings about sex.
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2012 for the course PSY 101 taught by Professor Wormer during the Fall '08 term at Grand Valley State University.

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personality - Personality Personality

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