FINAL EXAM STUDY SHEET section 3

FINAL EXAM STUDY SHEET section 3 - Yaran HST 101 Sec 3 FS...

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Yaran HST 101 Sec 3 FS 2010 FINAL EXAM STUDY SHEET New worlds (Chp. 21) through the Cold War (Chp.33) Terms: Queen Nzinga o the monarch of the Mbundu people, was a resilient leader who fought against the Portuguese and their expanding slave trade in Central Africa o Here, the Portugese encountered the brilliant and courageous Queen Nzinga, who was determined never to accept the Portugese conquest of her country. An exceptional stateswoman and military strategist, she harassed the Portugese until her death, at age eighty. o Queen of angoloa Engenho o Engenho is a colonial-era Portuguese term for a cane sugar mill and the associated facilities. The word engenho usually only referred to the mill, but it could also describe the area as a whole including land, a mill, the people who farmed and who had a knowledge of sugar production, and a crop of sugar cane . mestizo/metis o peoples of Spanish and native parentage o descendants of Spaniards and African Slaves o Occupied middle class viceroy o The ruler of a subject of an imperial rule Encomienda o a labor system that was employed mainly by the Spanish crown during the colonization of the Americas and the Philippines . In the encomienda, the crown granted a person a specified number of natives for whom they were to take responsibility triangular trade o the trade of slaves and products between Europe, Africa and america
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Yaran HST 101 Sec 3 FS 2010 Kingdom of Kongo o was an African kingdom located in west central Africa in what are now northern Angola , Cabinda , the Republic of the Congo , and the western portion of the Democratic Republic of the Congo . At its greatest extent, it reached from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Kwango River in the east, and from the Congo River in the north to the Kwanza River in the south o o Middle Passage o The Middle Passage was the stage of the triangular trade in which millions of people from Africa were taken to the New World , as part of the Atlantic slave trade . Ships departed Europe for African markets with manufactured goods, which were traded for purchased or kidnapped Africans, who were transported across the Atlantic as slaves; the slaves were then sold or traded for raw materials, which would be transported back to Europe to complete the voyage. A single voyage on the Middle Passage was a large financial undertaking, and they were generally organized by companies or groups of investors rather than individuals . o 50% mortality rate slavery o Slavery backed many industries in Africa, America and europes o Women were the first slaves, men when captured were just killed o Slaves are owned and sold o They work for nothing o On the very bottom of society o Lack of identity o All early society’s practiced some type of slavery but it changed over times factory system o Early modern Europe adopts putting out system
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Yaran HST 101 Sec 3 FS 2010 o Indivisuals work at home, and employers avoid wage restrictions of medieval guilds
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FINAL EXAM STUDY SHEET section 3 - Yaran HST 101 Sec 3 FS...

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