lecture4_civilrights-1

lecture4_civilrights-1 - Civil Rights Civil Rights PLS 100:...

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Civil Rights Civil Rights PLS 100: Intro to American National Government Professor Lee Michigan State University
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Civil Rights Civil Rights Civil rights: Protections by the government Protect right to vote Civil liberties: Protections from the government Protection from government invading privacy Focus today on civil rights of African Americans Contemporary politics now includes other groups: LGBT, Hispanics, etc.
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Civil Rights Era of slavery Era of slavery Slavery rampant in the South ever since the beginning. Most Northern states had passed laws to abolish slavery by 1800. Why did we keep slavery? Awkward compromises: Three-fifths rule State balance. Need at least one-half of Senate to block anti-slavery legislation. Uneasy agreement to keep off of the table to get states to support ratification of Constitution and then to keep all states together
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Civil Rights Era of slavery Continued compromises Missouri Compromise (1820) Paired with Maine Southern border as northern boundary for future expansion of slavery Compromise of 1850 Addition of CA as free state. South lost veto power. In return, got Fugitive Slave Law
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Civil Rights Era of slavery Dred Scott case Supreme Court ruled that the federal gov’t could not prevent slavery Constitution never intended African Americans to be citizens, hence have no rights. North responds. Lincoln won 1860 presidential election Emancipation Proclamation (1862/3) Civil War (1861-1865) States’ rights: Nullification, interposition
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Civil Rights Reconstruction Reconstruction (1865-1877) 13th Amendment (1865): Abolished slavery. With reintroduction of the South and now counting
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2012 for the course PLS 100 taught by Professor Thornton during the Spring '07 term at Michigan State University.

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lecture4_civilrights-1 - Civil Rights Civil Rights PLS 100:...

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