lecture3_federalism-1

lecture3_federalism-1 - Federalism Federalism PLS 100:...

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Federalism Federalism PLS 100: Intro to American National Government Professor Lee Michigan State University
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Federalism What is federalism National vs. State Gov’ts Just saw how power of national gov’t was significant issue in writing Constitution Under British rule, central control too strong Under Articles of Confederation, too weak Anti-federalists worried went back to too strong Federalism tries to split the difference Question of federalism continues to be a question today and the answer has varied over time.
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Federalism What is federalism What’s at stake? Main question: Who has the power to set policy? National government or state government? Small gov’t vs. big gov’t Clarification of terms: “Federalism” is about the type of gov’t structure and question of national vs. state. “Federal” is used synonymously with “national” (e.g., “federal government”)
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Federalism What is federalism Important issues Slavery Abortion Environmental protection Immigration Health Care
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Federalism What is federalism What’s a federal system? 1 Same people and territory included in both levels of government (nation split up into geographic units [states]) 2 Some independence between different levels of government (each level has some inherent powers) 3 Each level has some leverage over the other. How 2 and 3 play out is the balance between federal (national) and state governments. Can change over time.
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What is federalism Federalism in the Constitution: Supremacy Clause In Article VI: “This Constitution, and the Laws of the United States. .. shall be the supreme law of the land.” Not blank check. But as long as doing something within constitutional powers, federal actions take precedent over state actions. View of what is within constitutional powers has
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lecture3_federalism-1 - Federalism Federalism PLS 100:...

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